|Born||Joaquín Archivaldo Guzmán Loera|
4 April 1957
La Tuna, Badiraguato Municipality, Sinaloa, Mexico
|Charge(s)||Murder, money laundering, drug trafficking, racketeering, organized crime|
|Status||On trial at the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York|
|Escape||1st escape: 19 January 2001|
2nd escape: 11 July 2015
|Occupation||Leader of Sinaloa Cartel|
Joaquín Archivaldo Guzmán Loera (//; Spanish: [xoaˈkin aɾtʃiˈβaldo ɣusˈman loˈeɾa]; born 4 April 1957) is a Mexican drug lord who headed the Sinaloa Cartel, a criminal organization named after the Mexican Pacific coast state of Sinaloa where it was initially formed.
Loera is known as "El Chapo Guzmán" ("Shorty Guzmán") for his 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in) height. He became Mexico's top drug kingpin in 2003 after the arrest of his rival Osiel Cárdenas of the Gulf Cartel. He was thought to be one of the "most powerful drug traffickers in the world" by the United States Department of the Treasury.
Guzmán was once again arrested by Mexican authorities in Mexico on February 22, 2014. He was found in a beach resort in Mazatlan, but details of the arrest have not been revealed. On January 8, 2016, Guzmán was captured at the coastal city of Los Mochis, in northern Sinaloa, following a gun battle by the Mexican Navy.
He was extradited to the United States on 19 January 2017 to face criminal charges related to his leadership of the Sinaloa Cartel. He was found guilty by a jury in Brooklyn on 12 February 2019 of all drug trafficking counts and is scheduled for life imprisonment.
References[change | change source]
- Michael B Kelley (March 31, 2014). "The World's Most Notorious Drug Kingpin: 'I'm A Farmer'". Business Insider. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
- "Drug kingpin 'El Chapo' Guzman arrested in Mexico"
- Beith, Malcolm (17 July 2015). "5 Things You Didn't Know About El Chapo". time.com. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- "Califica EU a "El Chapo" como el narco más poderoso del mundo". Milenio. January 10, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- Otero, Silvia. "EU: "El Chapo" es el narco más poderoso del mundo". El Universal. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- "Drug lord "El Chapo" Guzman captured in Mexico, reporter says". Fox News.com. Retrieved February 22, 2014.
- Schuppe, Jon (8 January 2016). "El Chapo: Notorious Mexican Drug Kingpin Captured by Authorities". NBC News. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- "Joaquin 'El Chapo' Guzman Being Extradited to the US". Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- Feuer, Alan (February 12, 2019). "El Chapo Convicted in Trial That Revealed Drug Cartel's Brutality and Corruption". New York Times.