John Martin (painter)

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John Martin
Portrait of John Martin by Henry Warren, 1839
Born (1789-07-19)19 July 1789
Haydon Bridge, Northumberland, England
Died 17 February 1854(1854-02-17) (aged 64)
Isle of Man
Field Painting, engraving, illustration
Movement Romantic
The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah by John Martin

John Martin (1789-1854) was an English romantic painter.[1]

Biography[change | change source]

John Martin was born in Haydon Bridge, Northumberland, on 19 July 1789.[2] He was best known as an author of historical paintings. They were mostly inspirated by the Bible and poetical works. Martin's works were usually landscapes with little drawings of people. He was a friend of the poet Edwin Atherstone. They both liked to paint scenes of mass destruction.

After the Belgian government bought The Fall of Ninevah, the Belgian Academy made Martin a member. He also was made a Knight of the Order of Leopold by the king of Belgium.[3]

John Martin died in Douglas, Isle of Man on 17 February 1854.

Works[change | change source]

The Deluge by John Martin
The Calvary by John Martin

(A selection)

  • Christ Stilleth the Tempest
  • The Calvary
  • Belshazzar's Feast (1821)
  • The Destruction of Herculanum and Poempeii (1822)
  • The Deluge (1826)
  • The Fall of Nineveh (1829)
  • The Fallen Angels Entering Pandemonium (1841)
  • The Last Man (1849)
  • The Great Day of His Wrath (1851-1853)
  • The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah (1852)
  • The Last Judgement (1853)

References[change | change source]

  1. John Martin 1789–1854.
  2. John Martin, Biography and image gallery.
  3. John Martin 1789-1854 at Tate.

Bibliography[change | change source]

  • William Feaver, The Art of John Martin, Oxford 1975.