King of Portugal and the Algarves

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King of Portugal and the Algarves
Former Monarchy
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Portugal 1640-1910 (3).svg
Royal Coat of Arms of Portugal
Manoel II, King of Portugal (Nov 1909).png
Manuel II, last King of Portugal
First monarch Afonso I
Last monarch Manuel II
Style His Most Faithful Majesty
Official residence Royal residences in Portugal
Monarchy started 25 July 1139
Monarchy ended 5 October 1910

This is a list of Portuguese monarchs who ruled from the start of the Kingdom of Portugal, in 1139, to the start of the Portuguese Republic with the 5 October 1910 revolution.

During the 800 years, the kings had different titles and pretensions. Two kings of Portugal, Ferdinand I and Afonso V, is also the Crown of Castile. When the House of Habsburg took over, the kings of Spain, Naples, and Sicily also became kings of Portugal. The House of Braganza also had royalty outside Portugal, including King of Brazil.

Different royal families have ruled Portugal. These houses are:

House of Burgundy[change | change source]

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Afonso I
  • The Conqueror; The Great; The Founder; The Father of the Nation
  • Afonso Henriques
1106/09/11 – 6 December 1185 (aged 73–79)25 July 11396 December 1185previously Count of Portugal, founder of the Kingdom of Portugal
Son of Henry, Count of Portugal and Teresa, Countess of Portugal
Burgundy
Brasão de armas do reino de Portugal (1139).svg
Sancho I
  • The Populator
11 November 1154 – 26 March 1211 (aged 56)6 December 118526 March 1211Son of Afonso IBurgundy
Brasão de armas do reino de Portugal (1139).svg
Afonso II
  • The Fat; The Leprous; The Lawgiver
23 April 1185 – 25 March 1223 (aged 37)27 March 121125 March 1223Son of Sancho IBurgundy
Brasão de armas do reino de Portugal (1139).svg
Sancho II
  • The Caped; The Capuched; The Cowled; The Pious
8 September 1209 – 4 January 1248 (aged 38)26 March 12234 December 1247Son of Afonso IIBurgundy
Brasão de armas do reino de Portugal (1139).svg
Afonso III
  • The Boulonnais
5 May 1210 – 16 February 1279 (aged 68)4 January 124816 February 1279Son of Afonso II
Brother of Sancho II
Burgundy
Brasão de armas do reino de Portugal (1247).svg
Denis I
  • The Farmer; The Farmer-King; The Poet; The Poet-King; The Troubadour; The Just; The Liberal
  • Portuguese: Dinis I
9 October 1261 – 7 January 1325 (aged 63)6 February 12797 January 1325Son of Afonso IIIBurgundy
Brasão de armas do reino de Portugal (1247).svg
Afonso IV
  • The Brave; The Bold
8 February 1291 – 28 May 1357 (aged 66)7 January 132528 May 1357Son of Denis IBurgundy
Brasão de armas do reino de Portugal (1247).svg
Peter I
  • The Cruel; The Just; The Enemy-Son; The Stutterer; The Till-the-End-of-the-World-Passionate; The Vengeful; The Revengeful
  • Portuguese: Pedro I
8 April 1320 – 18 January 1367 (aged 46)28 May 135718 January 1367Son of Afonso IVBurgundy
Brasão de armas do reino de Portugal (1247).svg
Ferdinand I
  • The Handsome; The Debonair; The Inconstant; The Fickle; The Inconscient
  • Portuguese: Fernando I
31 October 1345 – 22 October 1383 (aged 37)18 January 136722 October 1383Son of Peter IBurgundy
Brasão de armas do reino de Portugal (1247).svg

House of Aviz[change | change source]

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
John I
11 April 1357 – 14 August 1433 (aged 75)6 April 138514 August 1433Illegitimate son of Peter IAviz
House of Aviz (transparent).png
Edward
  • The Eloquent; The Philosopher; The Philosopher-King
  • Portuguese: Duarte I
31 October 1391 – 9 September 1438 (aged 46)14 August 14339 September 1438Son of John IAviz
House of Aviz (transparent).png
Afonso V
  • The African; The Crusader
15 January 1432 – 28 August 1481 (aged 49)13 September 1438

15 November 1477
11 November 1477

28 August 1481
Son of Edward IAviz
House of Aviz (transparent).png
John II
  • The Perfect Prince; The Man (El Hombre)
  • Portuguese: João II
3 March 1455 – 25 October 1495 (aged 40)11 November 1477

28 August 1481
15 November 1477

25 October 1495
Son of Afonso VAviz
House of Aviz (transparent).png
Manuel I
  • The Fortunate; The Grocer King/The Spices King (Le Roi-Épicier)
31 May 1469 – 13 December 1521 (aged 52)25 October 149513 December 1521Cousin of John II
Grandson of Edward I
Aviz
House of Aviz (transparent).png
John III
7 June 1502 – 11 June 1557 (aged 55)13 December 152111 June 1557Son of Manuel IAviz
House of Aviz (transparent).png
Sebastian I
  • The Desired; The Asleep; The Sleeper; The Sleeping Hero; The Sleeping King; The Virgin King; The Hidden; The Crusader
  • Portuguese: Sebastião I
20 January 1554 – 4 August 1578 (aged 24)11 June 15574 August 1578Grandson of John IIIAviz
House of Aviz (transparent).png
Henry I
  • The Chaste; The Cardinal; The Cardinal-King
  • Portuguese: Henrique I
31 January 1512 – 31 January 1580 (aged 68)4 August 157831 January 1580Son of Manuel I
Brother of John III
Great-uncle of Sebastian
Aviz
House of Aviz (transparent).png
Anthony I
1531 – 28 August 1595 (aged 64)(Disputed) 24 July 1580(Disputed) 1583Grandson of Manuel I
Nephew of Henry I
Aviz
House of Aviz (transparent).png

House of Habsburg[change | change source]

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Philip I
21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598 (aged 71)17 April 158113 September 1598Grandson of Manuel I
Nephew of Henry I
Habsburg
Full Ornamented Coat of Arms of Spanish House of Austria (1580-1668).svg
King Philip I
Philip II
14 April 1578 – 31 March 1621 (aged 42)13 September 159831 March 1621Son of Philip IHabsburg
Full Ornamented Coat of Arms of Spanish House of Austria (1580-1668).svg
King Philip II
Philip III
  • The Great; The Tyrant; The Oppressor
  • Portuguese: Filipe III
8 April 1605 – 17 September 1665 (aged 60)31 March 16211 December 1640Son of Philip IIHabsburg
Full Ornamented Coat of Arms of Spanish House of Austria (1580-1668).svg
King Philip II

House of Braganza[change | change source]

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
John IV
  • The Restorer; The Fortunate; The Musician King
  • Portuguese: João IV
19 March 1604 – 6 November 1656 (aged 53)1 December 16406 November 1656Great-great-grandson of Manuel IBraganza
Brasao-Brigantina.png
Afonso VI
  • The Victorious
21 August 1643 – 12 September 1683 (aged 40)6 November 165612 September 1683Son of John IVBraganza
Brasao-Brigantina.png
Peter II
26 April 1648 – 9 December 1706 (aged 58)6 November 16839 December 1706Son of John IV
Brother of Afonso VI
Braganza
Brasao-Brigantina.png
John V
  • The Magnanimous; The Magnificent; The Generous; The Most Faithful King; The Nuns' Lover; The Portuguese Sun-King
  • Portuguese: João V
22 October 1689 – 31 July 1750 (aged 60)9 December 170631 July 1750Son of Peter IIBraganza
Brasao-Brigantina.png
Joseph I
6 June 1714 – 24 February 1777 (age 62)31 July 175024 February 1777Son of John VBraganza
Brasao-Brigantina.png
Maria I
(1734-12-17)17 December 1734 – 20 March 1816(1816-03-20) (aged 81)24 February 177720 March 1816Daughter of Joseph IBraganza
Brasao-Brigantina.png
Peter III
  • The Capacidónio; The Builder; The Edifier; The Sacristan; The Enabler
  • Portuguese: Pedro III
(1717-07-05)5 July 1717 – 25 May 1786(1786-05-25) (aged 68)24 February 177725 May 1786Husband of Maria I
Son of John V
jure uxoris king
Braganza
Brasao-Brigantina.png
John VI
13 May 1767 – 10 March 1826 (aged 58)20 March 181610 March 1826Son of Maria I and Peter IIIBraganza
Brasao-Brigantina.png
Peter IV
  • The Soldier King; The Liberator; The Emperor; The Hero of Two Worlds
  • Portuguese: Pedro IV
12 October 1798 – 24 September 1834 (aged 35)10 March 18262 May 1826Son of John VIBraganza
Brasao-Brigantina.png
Maria II
  • The Educator; The Good Mother
  • Portuguese: Maria II
4 April 1819 – 15 November 1853 (aged 34)2 May 1826
26 May 1834
23 June 1828
15 November 1853
Daughter of Peter IVBraganza
Brasao-Brigantina.png
Michael I
  • The Absolute King; The Absolutist; The Traditionalist; The Usurper; The Grandfather of Europe
  • Portuguese: Miguel I
26 October 1802 – 14 November 1866 (aged 64)26 February 18286 May 1834Son of John VI
Brother of Peter IV
Uncle of Maria II
Braganza
Brasao-Brigantina.png
Ferdinand II
29 October 1816 – 15 December 1885 (aged 69)16 September 183715 November 1853Husband of Maria II
jure uxoris king
Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Koháry
Coat of arms of Saxony.svg Coa Hungary Family Koháry.svg
Peter V
  • The Hopeful; The Beloved; The Well-Beloved
  • Portuguese: Pedro V
16 September 1837 – 11 November 1861 (aged 24)15 November 185311 November 1861Son of Maria II and Ferdinand IIBraganza/Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[1]
Brasão do Fernando II.svg
Louis I
  • The Popular; The Musician King; The Painter King
  • Portuguese: Luís I
31 October 1838 – 19 October 1889 (aged 50)11 November 186119 October 1889Son of Maria II and Ferdinand II
Brother of Peter V
Braganza/Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[1]
Brasão do Fernando II.svg
Carlos I
  • The Diplomat; The Martyr; The Martyred; The Oceanographer; The Hunter; The Painter King; The Obese
28 September 1863 – 1 February 1908 (aged 44)19 October 18891 February 1908Son of Louís IBraganza/Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[1]
Brasão do Fernando II.svg
Manuel II
  • The Patriot; The Sorrowful; The Unfortunate; The Studious; The Scholar; The Erudite; The Learned; The Bibliophile; The Missed-King
15 November 1889 – 2 July 1932 (aged 42)1 February 19085 October 1910Son of Carlos I
Last King of Portugal
Braganza/Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[1][2]
Brasão do Fernando II.svg

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Also referred as the House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. "While remaining patrilineal dynasts of the duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha according to pp. 88, 116 of the 1944 Almanach de Gotha, Title 1, Chapter 1, Article 5 of the 1838 Portuguese constitution declared, with respect to Ferdinand II of Portugal's issue by his first wife, that 'the Most Serene House of Braganza is the reigning house of Portugal and continues through the Person of the Lady Queen Maria II'. Thus their mutual descendants constitute the Coburg line of the House of Braganza"
  2. Some historians consider that Manuel II was preceded by his elder brother Luís Filipe, not by his father Carlos. In fact, while king Carlos died instantly under the bullets of the anarchists on 1 February 1908, his son Luís Filipe, the crown prince, survived for at least twenty-five minutes, enough to allow governmental officials to name him king. This act is, however, usually considered as historically irrelevant, given that the crown prince never recovered from his coma. His younger brother Manuel (who was also injured, though not seriously) is therefore considered to have been the direct successor of the murdered king Carlos I.