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Clockwise: Lake Victoria Panorama, Kisumu Panorama, sunset at Oginga Odinga street, Downtown, Kiboko Point, Nighttime in Kisumu and Jomo Kenyatta Sports Ground
Clockwise: Lake Victoria Panorama, Kisumu Panorama, sunset at Oginga Odinga street, Downtown, Kiboko Point, Nighttime in Kisumu and Jomo Kenyatta Sports Ground
Kisumu is located in Kenya
Coordinates: 0°6′S 34°45′E / 0.100°S 34.750°E / -0.100; 34.750
Country Kenya
CountyKisumu County
 • GovernorAnyang' Nyong'o[1]
1,131 m (3,711 ft)
 • City500,000
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Kisumu is a city located on the shores of Lake Victoria in Kenya. It has a population of just over a million. This means that it is the third largest city in Kenya after Mombasa and the capital Nairobi.[3][4]

Kisumu was founded in 1901 as the main terminal of the Uganda Railway named "Port Florence". Kisumu is about 320 km (200 mi) northwest of Nairobi. Since Kisumu is a few kilometers south of the Equator, daytime there always lasts about 12 hours. Local sunset always occurs between 18:28 and 18:58 local time.[5]

History[change | change source]

Local inhabitants near Kisumu, 1911

Kisumu city is one of the oldest settlements in Kenya. Historical records indicate that Kisumu has been dominated by diverse communities. The people from the Nandi, Kalenjin, Kisii, Maasai, Luo and Luhya communities lived near Lake Victoria. They called this place "sumo" which literally means a place of barter trade.

Languages[change | change source]

Most people prefer speaking in the English Language in Kisumu. The English language is one of two national languages of Kenya. Most people in Kisumu also speak Dholuo which is the local dialect and Kiswahili. English and Swahili are national languages.

Transport[change | change source]

Kisumu is served by Kisumu International Airport which has international status, with regular daily flights to Nairobi and Mombasa.

As mentioned above, the Uganda Railway from the port of Mombasa reached Kisumu in 1901. Currently (2013) no passenger trains are operated between Nairobi and Kisumu.

Kisumu is connected to the cities of Nakuru, Nairobi and Mombasa via the A104 highway and to the north city of Eldoret via the B1 highway. A 450 km lake Victoria ring road along the shores of the lake is currently under construction and will pass by the city.[6]

Points of interest[change | change source]

Hippo Point is a 240 ha (590 acres) viewing area on Lake Victoria. Despite its name, it is better known as a viewing point for sunsets over the lake than for its occasional hippos. Hippo point is located near the village of Dunga, a few kilometres South West of Kisumu. The village also has a fishing port and a camping site.[6]

In popular culture[change | change source]

  • The book “Kisumu” (by Okang'a Ooko) describes the story about the musicians in Kisumu (2018).[7]
  • Part of the events in the 2017 story “Consummation in Mombasa” (by Andrei Gusev) takes place in Kisumu. The plot describes the Catholic wedding of the main characters (Russian writer Andy and Jennifer) in Mombasa and their trip to Kisumu, where Jennifer was born.[8][9][10]
  • The song “Kisumu” (by Zack Okello) talks about how Kisumu is growing (2015).[11]

References[change | change source]

  1. "KOSUMU COUNTY GOVERNMENT CABINET AS ANNOUNCED BY HE. GOVERNOR Anyang' Nyong'o". County Government of Kisumu. Facebook. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 3 November 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 July 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-28.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) 2009 Census Vol 1 Table 3 Rural and Urban Population Retrieved on 22 January 2014.
  3. Kenya protests: 24 killed after President's re-election - Archived 2020-11-16 at the Wayback Machine CNN
  4. Kenya elections: The human cost in Kisumu - BBC News
  5. "Sunset time in Kisumu". Archived from the original on 2020-11-16. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "About us – Kisumu County". Archived from the original on 2020-11-16.
  7. Okang'a Ooko "Kisumu" Archived 2020-11-16 at the Wayback Machine, 2018, ISBN 9789966093523
  8. Review of "Consummation in Mombasa" Archived 2020-08-04 at the Wayback Machine — on the site of public fund "Union of writers of Moscow", 2020 (in Russian)
  9. “Consummation in Mombasa” Archived 2020-06-09 at the Wayback Machine — in Lady’s Club, 2017 (in Russian)
  10. «Консуммация в Момбасе» by Andrei Gusev, 2017 (in Russian). Archived 2020-08-04 at the Wayback Machine
  11. The song “Kisumu” by Zack Okello, 2015