Lō'ihi Seamount

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
ʻihi Seamount is here

Lō'ihi Seamount, also known as Loihi or ʻihi,[1] is an submarine volcano (seamount) in the Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain. It lies in the Pacific Ocean south of the island of Hawaii.

ʻihi is an active volcano.[2]

Hawaiian name[change | change source]

In 1995, the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) changed a longtime policy and is now using the Hawaiian ʻokina and kahakō in the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS).[3] After 1995, Loihi seamount was officially identified as Lōʻihi.

Seamount[change | change source]

ʻihi seamount is 32 miles from the peak of Mauna Loa. This small volcano is in on the slopes of the larger and older one.[4]ʻihi Seamount is over 3,000 meters above the sea floor. It is as tall as the volcano Mount St Helens was before it erupted.

In 2012, the top of this volcano is one kilometer below the sea,[5]

Island[change | change source]

ʻihi is predicted to grow until it is an island, thousands of years from now.

References[change | change source]

  1. In the Hawaiian language, the sounds are shown with a kahakō (macron) and an ʻokina—"Lōʻihi".
  2. Hawaii Center for Volcanology (HCV), "Active Volcanoes Summary"; retrieved 2012-6-16.
  3. United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names, Twenty-third Session Vienna, "Working Paper No. 82, "U.S Board on Geographic Names: Collection and Dissemination of Indigenous Names," p. 3; excerpt, "An example of this has been the addition of the glottal stop (okina) and macron (kahako) to placenames of Hawaiian origin, which prior to 1995 had always been omitted. The BGN (Board on Geographic Names) staff, under the direction and guidance of the Hawaii State Geographic Names Authority, has been restoring systemically these marks to each Hawaiian name listed in GNIS (Geographic Names Information System)"; retrieved 2012-6-16.
  4. Kaye, G.D. (2002). "Using GIS to estimate the total volume of Mauna Loa Volcano, Hawaii" in Geological Society of America, 98th Annual Meeting. .  Archived 2009-01-25 at the Wayback Machine
  5. Malahoff, Alexander (2000-12-18). "Loihi submarine volcano: a unique, natural extremophile laboratory". In the Spotlight. Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (NOAA). Retrieved 2009-10-10.

Related pages[change | change source]