LGBT rights in Israel

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
LGBT map of the State of Israel
LGBT Israeli flag

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) people in Israel are considered to have more rights than anywhere else in the Middle East.[1] In November 2005, a groundbreaking (which has not happened before) court decision in Israel ruled that a lesbian spouse could officially adopt a child born to her current partner by artificial insemination from an anonymous sperm donor; this ruling came despite protests by the minority Orthodox Jewish parliamentary parties. Common law marriage, which grants most of the official marriage rights to the spouse has been achieved, but full official same-sex marriage has not yet been sanctioned. However, same-sex marriages performed elsewhere are recognized.

Summary table[change | change source]

Same-sex sexual activity legal Yes (Since 1963 de facto, (Since 1988 de jure)
Equal age of consent Yes
Anti-discrimination laws in employment only Yes (Since 1992)
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services Yes (Since 2000)
Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech) No (Since 1997)
Anti-discrimination laws concerning gender identity No
Same-sex marriages Yes/No (Same-sex marriage from abroad recognised since 2006)[2]
Recognition of same-sex couples Yes (Unregistered cohabitation since 1994)
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples Yes (Since 2005)
Joint adoption by same-sex couples Yes (Since 2008)
Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military Yes (Since 1993)
Right to change legal gender Yes
Access to IVF for lesbians Yes
Conversion therapy banned by law Yes/No (Practice of conversion therapy in the public health system banned since 2014)
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples Yes (Since 2014)
Altruistic surrogacy for gay male couples Yes/No (Surrogacy for Israeli gay male couples is possible only abroad)
Immigration equality and rights for LGBT individuals and same-sex couples Yes (Since 2016)[3]
MSMs allowed to donate blood Yes B (No deferral Since 2018)
  • ^B No restriction if last MSM activity was before 1977.

References[change | change source]

  1. "The five most improved places for gay tolerance". The Independent. London. 2008-09-17. Retrieved 2009-05-29. Israel is the only Middle-Eastern country to support gay rights legislation, and the country attracts gay people from Palestine and Lebanon.
  2. "Judgement of the Supreme Court sitting as the High Court of Justice".[permanent dead link]
  3. Israel is to begin recognising same-sex marriage as an equal route to citizenship Pink News