# Latitude

Map of Earth showing some major latitudes

The latitude of the Earth gives the distance north or south of the equator.[1] It is measured in degrees. Latitude is represented by the Greek letter phi, ${\displaystyle \phi \,\!}$. It is usually used along with a measurement of longitude in order to pinpoint a location on Earth.

The equator is numbered 0 degrees. Everything north or south of the equator is designated either as north latitude or south latitude.[2] The Antarctic Circle, Tropic of Capricorn, Tropic of Cancer, and Arctic Circle are all circles of latitude.

## References

1. "Explanation of Latitude and Longitude". Satellite Signals Limited. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
2. "latitude". National Geographic Society. Retrieved 27 June 2016.