List of monarchs of Iran

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This list is a list of monarchs of Iran.

List[change | change source]

Medes

Name Portrait Title Reign years
1 Deioces N/A Paradat 727–675 BC
2 Phraortes N/A N/A 675–653 BC
3 Cyaxares N/A N/A 625–585 BC
4 Astyages N/A Shahanshah 564–550 BC

Achaemenid Empire

Name Portrait Title Reign years
1 Cyrus the Great Cyrus the Great II.jpg Shahanshah 559–530 BC
4 Cambyses II N/A Shahanshah 530–522 BC
5 Bardiya N/A Shahanshah 522–522 BC
6 Darius the Great Darius In Parse.JPG Shahanshah 522–486 BC
7 Xerxes I Xerxes Image.png Shahanshah 485–465 BC
8 Artaxerxes I Artaxerxes I image.png Shahanshah 465–424 BC
9 Xerxes II N/A Shahanshah 424–424 BC
10 Darius II N/A Shahanshah 424–404 BC
11 Artaxerxes II N/A Shahanshah 404–358 BC
12 Artxerxes III Artaxerxes III of Persia.jpg Shahanshah 358–338 BC
13 Artaxerxes IV N/A Shahanshah 338–336 BC
14 Darius III N/A Shahanshah 336–330 BC
14 Artaxerxes V N/A Shahanshah 330–329 BC

Parthian Empire

Name Portrait Title Reign years
1 Arsaces I Coin of Arsaces I (1), Nisa mint (cropped).jpg N/A 247–217 BC
4 Arsaces II Arsaces II coin crop.png N/A 217–191 BC
5 Priapatius Priapatius coin.png N/A 191–176 BC
6 Phraates I Phraates I coin.png N/A 170/168–165/64 BC
7 Mithridates I the Great Coin of Mithradates I of Parthia, Seleucia mint.jpg N/A 165–132 BC
8 Phraates II Coin of Phraates II (cropped), Seleucia mint.jpg N/A 132–127 BC
9 Artabanus I Coin of Artabanus I of Parthia (cropped, part 2), Seleucia mint.jpg N/A 127–124/3 BC
10 Mithridates II Coin of Mithradates II of Parthia (cropped, part 2), Ecbatana mint.jpg N/A 124–91 BC
11 Gotarzes I Coin of Gotarzes I (2, cropped), Ectbatana mint.jpg N/A 91–87/80 BC
12 Orodes I Tetradrachm of the Parthian monarch Orodes I, Seleucia mint.jpg N/A 80–75 BC
13 Sinatruces I Sinatruces transparent.png N/A c. 75–69 BC
14 Phraates III Drachm of Phraates III, Ecbatana mint.jpg N/A 69–57 BC
15 Mithridates IV Coin of Mithridates IV (cropped).jpg N/A 57–54 BC
16 Orodes II Coin of Orodes II, Mithradatkert (Nisa) mint.jpg N/A 57–37 BC
17 Phraates IV Drachm of Phraates IV, Mithradatkirt mint.jpg N/A 37–2 BC
18 Phraates V Coin of Phraatakes (Phraates V), Seleucia mint (cropped).jpg N/A 2 BC–4 AD
19 Musa[a] The portrait of Musa of Parthia on the reverse of a drachm, Ecbatana mint.jpg N/A 2 BC–4 AD
20 Orodes III Orodes III coin.png N/A 4–6
21 Vonones I Tetradrachm of Vonones I, Seleucia mint.jpg N/A 8–12
21 Artabanus II Tetradrachm of Artabanus II, Seleucia mint.jpg N/A 12–38/41[b]
22 Vardanes I Coin of Vardanes I (cropped, 2), Seleucia mint.jpg N/A 40–46
23 Gotarzes II[c] Tetradrachm of Gotarzes II, minted in 49.jpg N/A 40–51
24 Vonones II Coin of Vonones II, minted at Hamadan.jpg N/A 51–51
25 Vologases I Tetradrachm of Vologases I, minted at Seleucia.jpg N/A 51–78
26 Pacorus II Coin of Pacorus II (cropped), Seleucia mint.jpg N/A 78–110
27 Vologases III Coin of Vologases III (cropped), Seleucia mint.jpg N/A 110–147
28 Vologases IV Tetradrachm of Vologases IV, minted at Seleucia in 153.jpg N/A 147–191
29 Vologases V Coin of Vologases V (cropped), Hamadan mint.jpg N/A 191–208
30 Vologases VI Coin of Vologases VI of Parthia (cropped), Ecbatana mint.jpg N/A 208–228

Sasanian Empire

Name Portrait Title Reign years
1 Ardashir I Coin of Ardashir I (phase 3), Hamadan mint.jpg Shahanshah 224–242
2 Shapur I ShapurICoinHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah 240–270
3 Hormizd I HormizdICoinHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah 270–271
4 Bahram I Coin of Bahram I (cropped).jpg Shahanshah 271–274
5 Bahram II Silver coin of Bahram II (cropped).jpg Shahanshah 274–293
6 Bahram III N/A Shahanshah 293–293
7 Narseh NarsehCoin2.jpg Shahanshah 293–303
8 Hormizd II Coin of the Sasanian king Hormizd II (1, cropped).jpg Shahanshah 303–309
9 Adur Narseh N/A Shahanshah 309–309
10 Shapur II The portrait of Shapur II on the obverse of a silver drachm, struck circa 309–320.jpg Shahanshah 309–379
11 Ardashir II ArdashirIICoinHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah 379–383
12 Shapur III Coin of Shapur III, Merv mint.jpg Shahanshah 383–388
13 Bahram IV Coin of Bahram IV (cropped), Herat mint.jpg Shahanshah 388–399
14 Yazdegerd I YazdegerdICroppedCoinHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah 399–420
15 Shapur IV N/A Shahanshah 420–420
16 Khosrow N/A Shahanshah 420–420
17 Bahram V Drachma of Bahram V - cropped.jpg Shahanshah 420–438
18 Yazdegerd II YazdegerdIICroppedCoinHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah 438–457
19 Hormizd III N/A Shahanshah 457–459
20 Peroz I PerozICroppedCoinHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah 459–484
21 Balash Coin of the Sasanian king Balash from Susa.jpg Shahanshah 484–488
22 Kavad I KavadhIGoldenCoinHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah,
Kay
488–496
23 Jamasp Coin of the Sasanian king Jamasp from Susa.jpg Shahanshah 496–498/9
24 Kavad I KavadhIGoldenCoinHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah,
Kay
498/9–531
25 Khosrow I Khosrow I Anushirvan (cropped), Gundeshapur mint.jpg Shahanshah 531–579
26 Hormizd IV Drachma of Hormidz IV - cropped.jpg Shahanshah 579–590
27 Khosrow II KhosrauIIGoldCoinCroppedHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah 590–590
28 Bahram Chobin[d] BahramChobinCoinHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah 590–591
29 Khosrow II KhosrauIIGoldCoinCroppedHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah 591–628
30 Kavad II Coin of the Sasanian king Kavadh II (cropped), minted at Ray in 628.jpg Shahanshah 628–628
31 Ardashir III ArdashirIIICoinHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah 628–630
32 Shahrbaraz[e] ShahrbarazCoinHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah 630–630
33 Khosrow III XusravIIICoinHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah 630–630
34 Boran BorandukhtCoinHistoryofIran.jpg N/A 630–630
35 Shapur V N/A Shahanshah 630–630
36 Peroz II N/A N/A 630–630
37 Azarmidokht N/A N/A 630–631
38 Hormizd V[f] FarrokhHormizdVCoin.jpg N/A 630–631
39 Hormizd VI HormizdVICoinHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah 630–632
40 Khosrow IV KhosrauIVCoinHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah 630–636
41 Farrukhzad Khosrow V N/A Shahanshah 631–631
42 Boran BorandukhtCoinHistoryofIran.jpg N/A 631–631
43 Yazdegerd III YazdegerdIIICoinCroppedHistoryofIran.jpg Shahanshah 632–651

Safavid Empire

Name Portrait Title Reign years
1 Ismail I Shah Ismail I.jpg Shahanshah 1501–1524
2 Tahamsp I Shah tahmasp.jpg Shah 1524–1576
3 Ismail II N/A Shah 1576–1577
4 Mohammad Khodabanda N/A Shah,
Sultan
1578–1587
5 Abbas I N/A Shah,
Zell'ollah,
Ṣāḥebqerān-e-ʿAlāʾ
1588–1629
6 Safi N/A Shah 1629–1642
7 Abbas II N/A Shah 1642– 1666
8 Suleiman I N/A Shah, Sultan 1666–1694
9 Soltan Hoseyn N/A Shah, Sultan 1694–1722
10 Tahmasp II N/A Shah 1729–1732
11 Abbas III N/A Shah,
Sahib-i-Qiran,
Sultan bar Salatin
1732–1736

Afsharid Empire

Name Portrait Title Reign years
1 Nader Shah Nader Shah by Charles Heath.jpg Shahanshah,
Sultan bar salatin-e-jahan
1736– 1747
2 Adel Shah N/A Shah 1747–1748
3 Ebrahim Afshar N/A Shah 1748–1749
4 Shahrokh Shah N/A Shah 1748–1796[g]

Zand Empire

Name Portrait Title Reign years
1 Mohammad Karim Khan Zand Karim Khan-e Zand.png Vakil-e Ra'aya,
Khan
1751– 1779
2 Mohammad Ali Khan Zand N/A Shah,
Khan
1779–1779
3 Abol-Fath Khan Zand N/A Shah,
Khan
1779–1779
4 Sadeq Khan Zand Image of sadiq khan zand.png Shah,
Khan
1779–1781
5 Ali-Morad Khan Zand N/A Shah,
Khan
1781– 1785
6 Jafar Khan Zand Ja`far Khan.png Shah,
Khan
1785–1789
7 Sayed Morad Khan Zand N/A Shah,
Khan
1789–1789
8 Lotf Ali Khan Zand N/A Shah,
Khan
1789–1794

Qajar Empire

Name Portrait Title Reign years
1 Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar MohammadKhanQajari.jpg Shah,
Khan
1789–1797
2 Fath-Ali Shah Qajar Portrait of Fath Ali Shah Standing.jpg Shahanshah,
Khaqan
1797–1834
3 Mohammad Shah Qajar Mohammadshah (01).jpg Shahanshah,
Ghazi,
Khaqan son of Khaqan
1834–1848
4 Naser al-Din Shah Qajar Nāser al-Dīn Schah.jpg Shah,
Zell'ollah,
Qebleh-ye 'ālam,
Islampanah
1848–1896
5 Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar Mozaffar-ed-Din Shah Qajar - 1.jpg Shahanshah,
Sultan
1896–1907
6 Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar Mohammad Ali Shah.jpg Shah 1907– 1909
7 Ahmad Shah Qajar AhmadShahQajar2.jpg Shah 1909–1925

Pahlavi Empire

Name Portrait Title Reign years
1 Reza Shah Pahlavi Reza shah uniform.jpg Shah 1925–1941
2 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Shahanshah Aryamehr,
Bozorg Arteshtaran
1941– 1979

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Originally an Italian slave-girl, she was given as a gift to the Parthian monarch Phraates IV by the Roman Emperor Augustus.
  2. Briefly interrupted in 35.
  3. Adoptive son of Artabanus II.
  4. Bahram was a member of the House of Mihran, one of the seven Great Houses of Iran. The family was of Parthian origin, and was centered in Ray, south of Tehran, the capital of present-day Iran.
  5. Member of the House of Mihran.
  6. Hormizd was a member of the Ispahbudhan family, one of the seven Parthian clans.
  7. 1st reign: 1748–1750
    2nd reign: 1750–1796