Little House on the Prairie is a book written by Laura Ingalls Wilder in 1935. It is one part of series of books about Wilder's childhood in Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Kansas during the late 19th century. The books have been made many times into movies and television series. Some other writers have also written books about Laura and her relatives.
The books became famous during the 20th century. During the 21st century, scholars began to look at them closely as literature and as art. Wilder has been criticized for the way she shows Native Americans and black Americans.
"Little House" books[change | change source]
Pioneer Girl was one of the first books Ingalls-Wilder wrote, but she could not find a publisher that wanted to print it. Pioneer Girl is a nonfiction story of Wilder's life. Her daughter told her to write fictional stories instead. The Little House series is a different from the true story of Ingalls-Wilder's life. She was trying to tell a happy story and to show manifest destiny as a good thing. She wanted the story to make sense, so she left things out if they did not fit her ideas. The fictional books do not talk about when her family moved east to Iowa or her little brother who died young. She also invented fictional characters and made combination characters: Nellie Olson is one person in the fictional books but she was based on more than one person in real life.
In 2015, an edited version of Pioneer Girl was published. It has many footnotes explaining things for twenty-first-century readers.
Original books[change | change source]
- Little House in the Big Woods (1932)
- Farmer Boy (1933)
- Little House on the Prairie (1935)
- On the Banks of Plum Creek (1937)
- By the Shores of Silver Lake (1939)
- The Long Winter (1940)
- Little Town on the Prairie (1941)
- These Happy Golden Years (1943)
- On the Way Home (1962)
- The First Four Years (1971),
- West From Home (1974)
- The Road Back (2006)
Nonfiction[change | change source]
- Pioneer Girl (2015)
Screenings[change | change source]
TV movies[change | change source]
- Little House on the Prairie (1974)
- Little House Years (1978)
- Little House: Look Back to Yesterday (1983)
- Little House: Bless All the dear Children (1984)
- Little House: The Last Farewell (1984)
- Beyond the Prairie: The True Story of Laura Ingalls Wilder (1997)
- Beyond the Prairie: The True Story of Laura Ingalls Wilder II (1998)
- Little House on the Prairie (2005) - miniseries
TV shows[change | change source]
- Jackanory - Little House in the Big Woods (1966)
- Jackanory - Farmer Boy (1968)
- Little House on the Prairie / Little House: A New Beginning (1974-1983) - live action
- Laura the Prairie Girl (1975) - animated
Native Americans in the books[change | change source]
In 2018, the Association for Library Service to Children changed the name of its Laura Ingalls Wilder Award to the Children’s Literature Legacy Award because people did not like the way Wilder wrote about Native Americans in Little House on the Prairie. They said the book had "dated cultural attitudes toward Indigenous people and people of color that contradict modern acceptance, celebration, and understanding of diverse communities." For example, in the book, one white character says "the only good Indian is a dead Indian." Some of the words Ingalls use to describe Native Americans makes them sound like non-human animals. Other people disagreed, saying the book showed how complicated things between Native Americans and white settlers were. For example, it shows that the Ingalls family is on Indian land illegally, which means they must leave. It shows Laura asking her parents why they are in Indian territory if they don't want to be near Indians.
Other websites[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Amy S. Fatzinger (September 9, 2018). "Learning From Laura Ingalls Wilder". The Atlantic. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- Sarah Churchwell (January 8, 2015). "Pioneer Girl by Laura Ingalls Wilder review – gritty memoir dispels Little House myths". Guardian. Retrieved October 24, 2020.