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Loch is a Gaelic word for lake. It is commonly used in Scotland.[1] The 'ch' at the end is pronounced with a guttural (back of throat) sound which does not occur in modern English.[2] There are also lochs in Ireland, and the word is sometimes used in other coutries.

In practice, it is mostly used for sea inlets (fjords in Norway), instead of the more formal term sea lochs. The English word 'lake' is often used for closed bodies of water.

Notes[change | edit source]

  1. In Ireland the word is lough, and pronounced 'loc'.
  2. It is a voiceless velar fricative consonant with the phonetic symbol 'x'.