Longest word in Romanian

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The longest word in Romanian is pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcaniconioză, the long name of silicoză (silicosis), at 44 letters long. It is a chronic respiratory disease.[1] Its name in English is pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis and it is the longest English word in a major English dictionary.[2][3] However, the Dicționarul explicativ al limbii române ("Explanatory Dictionary of the Romanian Language", DEX)[1] says the longest word in Romanian is electroglotospectrografie, which is a medical stabilization method. It has 25 letters and comes from the French word électroglottospectrographie.[4][5]

The longest Romanian words are:[1][6]

  • Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcaniconioză − 44 letters, a silicosis disease. It is not in the DEX.[1][6]
  • Difosfopiridinnucleotidpirofosfatază − 36 letters, an enzyme. It is not in the DEX.[1][6]
  • Encefalomielopoliradiculonevrită − 32 letters, a type of neuritis. It is not in the DEX.[1][6]
  • Gastropiloroduodenojejunostomie − 31 letters, a kind of surgical operation. It is not in the DEX.[1][6]
  • Diclordifeniltriclormetilmetan − 30 letters, a chemical substance. It is not in the DEX.[1][6]
  • Electroglotospectrografie − 25 letters, a medical stabilization method. It is in the DEX.[4][5][6]

Most other longest Romanian words are 23 or 21 letters long.[5]

There are other words that break other records in Romanian. The longest word with two vowels only is uiuiu (an interjection) and the longest one with all vowels, including the ones with diacritics, is autoînsămânțările.[1][6] Both words are in the DEX.[7][8]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Bălhuc, Paul (15 January 2017). "Câte litere are cel mai lung cuvânt din limba română și care este singurul termen ce conține toate vocalele". Adevărul (in Romanian).
  2. "Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis". Lexico. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 22 March 2020. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  3. "What is the longest English word?". Lexico. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 21 March 2021. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Electroglotospectrografie". Dicționarul explicativ al limbii române (in Romanian). Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Curiozități lingvistice: cele mai lungi cuvinte din limba română". Dicție.ro (in Romanian). Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 "Curiozități: Cele mai lungi cuvinte din limba română. Unul are 44 de litere". TV8 (in Romanian). 31 August 2017.
  7. "Uiuiu". Dicționarul explicativ al limbii române (in Romanian). Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  8. "Autoînsămânțările". Dicționarul explicativ al limbii române (in Romanian). Retrieved 10 February 2021.