Lories and lorikeets

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Lories and lorikeets
Rainbow Lorikeet (Trichoglossus moluccanus), Nelson Bay, NSW.jpg
Rainbow lorikeet (Trichoglossus moluccanus) at Nelson Bay, New South Wales, Australia.
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Superfamily:
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Tribe:
Loriini

Selby, 1836
Genera

Chalcopsitta
Eos
Pseudeos
Trichoglossus
Psitteuteles
Lorius
Phigys
Vini
Glossopsitta
Parvipsitta
Charmosyna
Oreopsittacus
Neopsittacus

Lories and lorikeets (tribe Loriini) are small to medium-sized arboreal parrots. They have special brush-tipped tongues to feed on nectar of blossoms and soft fruits, preferably berries.

They are a monophyletic group in the parrot family Psittacidae. Sequence analysis and morphology show that the group is in the middle of other groups.

They are widely distributed throughout the Australasian region, including south-eastern Asia, Polynesia, Papua New Guinea, Timor Leste and Australia, and the majority have very brightly coloured plumage.

Those studies show that the lories and lorikeets form a single group, closely related to the budgerigar and the fig parrots.[1][2][3][4][5]

References[change | change source]

  1. Wright T.F. et al 2008.. "A multilocus molecular phylogeny of the parrots (Psittaciformes): support for a Gondwanan origin during the Cretaceous". Mol Biol Evol 25 (10): 2141–56. doi:10.1093/molbev/msn160. PMC 2727385. PMID 18653733. 
  2. Astuti, Dwi et al 2006.. "Phylogenetic relationships within parrots (Psittacidae) inferred from mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene sequences.". Zoological Science 23 (2): 191–98. doi:10.2108/zsj.23.191. PMID 16603811. 
  3. de Kloet R.S. & de Kloet S.R. 2005.. "The evolution of the spindlin gene in birds: sequence analysis of an intron of the spindlin W and Z gene reveals four major divisions of the Psittaciformes". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36 (3): 706–721. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.03.013. PMID 16099384. 
  4. Tokita, M; Kiyoshi T. & Armstrong K.N. 2007.. "Evolution of craniofacial novelty in parrots through developmental modularity and heterochrony". Evolution & Development 9 (6): 590–601. doi:10.1111/j.1525-142X.2007.00199.x. PMID 17976055. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118546207/abstract. 
  5. Christidis L. et al 1991. "Relationships among the Australo-Papuan parrots, lorikeets, and cockatoos (Aves, Psittaciformes) - protein evidence.". Condor 93: 302–17. doi:10.2307/1368946.