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Native to Chile, Argentina
Ethnicity Mapuche
Native speakers 260,000[1]  (2007)
Language family
  • Mapuche
Language codes
ISO 639-2 arn
ISO 639-3 arn
Region where most mapuche lived in 2002.

Orange: mapuche at the countryside; dark: mapuche in a city; white: non-mapuche.

If 40 persons were living in a square of 1 km side, then the people of each place would cover the area of its circle.
Graffiti in Mapudungun meaning "War Council".

Mapudungun is a language isolate spoken by Mapuche people, in Chile and Argentina. Even after the arrival of the Spaniards, ethnic groups in Argentina adopted Mapudungun, for instance Patagonians or Tehuelche. This process is named araucanization. Today, its speakers number 260,000, with 250,000 in the Central Valley of Chile and 10,000 in the Argentinian region of Patagonia.

"Poncho" is a word adopted by Spanish language and then in many language so used.

References[change | change source]

  1. M. Crevels (2007): South America, in Encyclopedia of the world’s endangered languages, Moseley (ed), Routledge, S.103–196, also Online Ethnologue