Marathon, Greece

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The plain of Marathon today
The plain of Marathon today

No coordinates given

Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation: 0 m (0 ft)
Country: Greece
Periphery: Attica
Mayor: Ilias Psinakis
Population statistics (as of 2011[1])
 - Population: 33,423
 - Area: 222.75 km² (86 sq mi)
 - Density: 150 /km² (389 /sq mi)
Postal: 190 07
Telephone: 22940
Auto: Z

Marathon (Demotic Greek: Μαραθώνας, Marathónas; Attic/Katharevousa: Μαραθών, Marathṓn) is a town in Greece and the site of the battle of Marathon around 490 BCE.

The name "Marathon" (Μαραθών) comes from the herb fennel, called marathon (μάραθον) or marathos (μάραθος) in Ancient Greek.[2][n 1] so Marathon literally means "a place full of fennels".[4]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. The Greek word for fennel is first attested in Mycenaean Linear B on tablets MY Ge 602, MY Ge 606 + fr., MY Ge 605 + 607 + frr. + 60Sa + 605b - as 𐀔𐀨𐀶𐀺, ma-ra-tu-wo.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. "(875 KB) 2001 Census" (PDF). National Statistical Service of Greece (ΕΣΥΕ) (in Greek). Retrieved 2007-10-30.
  2. μάραθον. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at Perseus Project.
  3. "The Linear B word ma-ra-tu-wo". Palaeolexicon. Word study tool of Ancient languages. Raymoure, K.A. "ma-ra-tu-wo". Minoan Linear A & Mycenaean Linear B. Deaditerranean. Archived from the original on 2019-07-05. Retrieved 2020-03-01. "MY 602 Ge (57)". "MY 606 Ge + fr. (57)". "MY 605 Ge + 607 + fr. [+] 60Sa + fr. [+] 605b + frr. (57)". DĀMOS: Database of Mycenaean at Oslo. University of Oslo.
  4. Μαραθών in Liddell and Scott.