- This is the correct spelling of the surname in modern Polish; various other spellings are also used in English and French.
Queen Marie in circa 1740 by Louis Tocqué
|Queen consort of France and Navarre|
|Tenure||4 September 1725 – 24 June 1768|
|Born||23 June 1703|
|Died||24 June 1768 (aged 65)|
Palace of Versailles, France
|Spouse||Louis XV of France|
|Issue||Louise Élisabeth, Duchess of Parma|
Louis, Dauphin of France
Philippe, Duke of Anjou
Marie Adélaïde, Duchess of Louvois
Sophie, Duchess of Louvois
Princess Louise, Abbess of Saint Denis
|House||House of Bourbon|
House of Leszczyński
|Father||Stanislaus I of Poland|
Marie Leszczyńska (Trzebnica, 23 June 1703 – Versailles, 24 June 1768) was a queen of France as wife of Louis XV. In France, she was referred to as Marie Leczinska. She was the longest serving Queen consort of France.
Background[change | change source]
Marriage[change | change source]
Maria was on a list of 99 eligible European princesses to marry the young king. The marriage by proxy took place on 15 August 1725 in the cathedral of Strasbourg, Louis XV being represented by his cousin Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans. She had nine children. Marie had a very close relationship to her children.
Issue[change | change source]
On 4 September 1725, she married Louis XV of France. They had eleven children:
- Louise Élisabeth of France (14 August 1727 – 6 December 1759) married Philip, Duke of Parma and had issue.
- Henriette of France (14 August 1727 – 10 February 1752) died unmarried.
- Louise of France (28 July 1728 – 19 February 1733) died in childhood.
- Louis, Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) married Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain; had issue then married Marie Josèphe of Saxony and had issue.
- Philippe of France, Duke of Anjou (30 August 1730 – 17 April 1733) died in childhood.
- Marie Adélaïde of France (23 March 1732 – 27 February 1800) died unmarried.
- Victoire of France (11 May 1733 – 7 June 1799) died unmarried.
- Sophie of France (17 July 1734 – 3 March 1782) died unmarried.
- Stillborn Child (28 March 1735 – 28 March 1735).
- Thérèse of France (16 May 1736 – 28 September 1744) died in childhood.
- Louise Marie of France (5 July 1737 – 23 December 1787) was a nun.
Queen[change | change source]
Queen Marie never managed to acquire any political influence. Marie was a devout Roman Catholic. She was also a great lover of music and painting and the protector of many artists. Marie died at Versailles on 24 June 1768, six years before her husband. Her family sincerely grieved her death. She was buried at the Basilica of St Denis, and her heart was deposed at the church of Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours in Nancy (Lorraine).