National Fuel Gas
|Type||Public (NYSE: )|
|When it was created||Incorporated in 1902|
|Headquarters||Williamsville, New York|
|Things made||Natural gas, Oil reserves, Timber|
|Money earned||$ 2.04 billion U.S. dollars (2007)|
- Pipeline and Storage
- Exploration and Production
- Energy Marketing
The Utility division sells natural gas or moves natural gas from one part of the country to another. The Pipeline and Storage division provides interstate natural gas transportation and storage services for related and non-related companies. The Exploration and Production division prospects for and extracts natural gas and oil from the ground. The Energy Marketing division markets natural gas to industrial, commercial, government, and residential customers. The Timber division markets wood from its New York and Pennsylvania forests, and it owns two sawmills in northwestern Pennsylvania, to cut wood into useful sizes and treat it with chemicals to make it last longer.
History[change | change source]
National Fuel Gas was one of the first gas utility companies in the United States, and so they have been the first to create some new technologies. Engineers at the company discovered that empty underground gas fields could be used to store gas that has been taken from the ground somewhere else. Thus, the first such storage facility in the US was set up at Zoar Field, about forty miles south of Buffalo. This turned out to be a good financial decision for NFG in the 1940s and 50s, when increased demand for natural gas led to long pipelines in the eastern states being connected to new pipelines and fields in the southwestern states. NFG could then buy huge amounts of cheaper summer gas from the southwest, pipe it to the New York storage fields, pump it down into the ground, then take it back out when demand and prices went up in the winter months.
The company was also the first in the industry to make a gas-fired generator to electrify pipelines so they wouldn't corrode so much. (Natural gas can eat away at metal, over time.)
In 1975, with the introduction of "Balanced Billing", the company claimed that it was "the only gas utility in the country" with a flexible plan for customers to pay bills in eleven equal monthly payments, with settlement of any overpayment or underpayment in the twelfth month. This is a sort of system of installment credit.
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Notes[change | change source]
- Welch, James (2008). "2007 Financial & Statistical Report" (PDF). Corporate website. Retrieved 2008-09-12.
- Coppola Cox, Julie (2008). "National Fuel Gas Company - Building on 100 Years". Corporate website. Retrieved 2008-09-12.
- Knepper, G.A. (1997-10). "Underground storage operations". Journal of Petroleum Technology; VOL. 49 ; ISSUE: 10. http://www.osti.gov/energycitations/product.biblio.jsp?osti_id=538258. Retrieved 2008-09-12.
- "National Fuel Gas Company - SWOT Analysis". Datamonitor Company Profiles. 2008-05-15. http://www.alacrastore.com/storecontent/markintel/DATAMONITOR_COMPANY_PROFILES-50197786. Retrieved 2008-09-12.
- ""What's behind your gas bill" (advertisement)". Warren Times Observer. 1975-03-12. http://www.newspaperarchive.com/LandingPage.aspx?type=glpnews&search=%22national%20fuel%20gas%20is%20the%20only%20gas%20utility%20in%20the%20country%20with%20this%20flexible%20plan%22&img=\\na0034\6777912\34575272_clean.html. Retrieved 2008-09-12.
- Portions of the above article are adapted from the following sources under the GNU Free Documentation License, under other applicable licenses, or by permission of the copyright holders.