Negev tortoise

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Negev tortoise
Testudo kleinmanni.jpg
Specimen at the Western Negev
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Cryptodira
Superfamily: Testudinoidea
Family: Testudinidae
Genus: Testudo
T. werneri
Binomial name
Testudo werneri
Perälä, 2001[1]
Testudo werneri range.png
Black - regionally extinct
Red - current distribution

The Negev tortoise (Testudo werneri) is a tortoise found mainly in the Negev desert in southern Israel. It was once present in the Sinai Peninsula. In Israel it is protected by law and there are conservation programs. It is currently considered a critically endangered species.[2]

The Negev is one of the world's smallest tortoises.[3] Unlike other tortoises it does not hibernate in winter. Instead, winter is the breeding season.[3] In 2010 the IUCN recommended that Israel take additional steps to protect the Negev tortoise including creating a wildlife preserve.[4]

There is some disagreement over whether the Negev tortoise is the same species as the Kleinmann's tortoise.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Testudo kleinmanni ". The Reptile Database.
  2. "Assessment of the Threatened Status of Testudo werneri Perälä, 2001 (Testudines: Testudinidae) for the IUCN Red List". Chelonian Research Foundation. 27 April 2003. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Negev tortoise". Jerusalem Biblical Zoo. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
  4. Zafrir Rinat (9 February 2010). "Negev Tortoise Gets UN Attention Amid Extinction Threat". Haaretz Daily Newspaper Ltd. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
  5. Shelley J. Rank; Liz Kaufman (2012). "Report on the analysis of the wild diet of Testudo werneri" (PDF). Nature conservation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015.