Nephritis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Nephritis is inflammation of the kidneys. It may involve the glomeruli, tubules, or interstitial tissue surrounding the glomeruli and tubules.[1]

Nephritis is often caused by infections, and toxins, but is most commonly caused by autoimmune disorders that affect the major organs like kidneys.[2]

Nephritis can produce glomerular injury, by disturbing the glomerular structure with inflammatory cell proliferation.[3] This can lead to reduced glomerular blood flow, leading to reduced urine output (oliguria)[4] and retention of waste products (uremia).[5] As a result, red blood cells may leak out of damaged glomeruli, causing blood to appear in the urine (hematuria).[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. Keto Acids – Advances in Research and Application 2013 Edition p.220e
  2. "Acute Nephritis; Nephrosis; Nephritic syndrome information. Patient | Patient". Patient. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
  3. "Glomerular Diseases". www.niddk.nih.gov. Retrieved 2015-06-15.
  4. "Oliguria: Background, Etiology, Epidemiology". Medscape. eMedicine. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
  5. "uremia | accumulation in the blood of constituents normally eliminated in the urine that produces a severe toxic condition and usually occurs in severe kidney disease". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2015-06-14.
  6. "Hematuria (Blood in the Urine)". www.niddk.nih.gov. Retrieved 2015-06-14.