Nikolai Bayev

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Nikolai Bayev
BornOctober 6, 1875
Astrakhan, Russia
DiedAugust 5, 1949(1949-08-05) (aged 73)
Yerevan, Soviet Armenia[1]
OccupationArchitect, civil engineer[1]

Nikolai Bayev (Armenian: Նիկողայոս Բաև, Nikoghayos Gevorkovich Bayev; October 6, 1875 – August 5, 1949) was an Armenian architect, who worked in Baku and in the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic.

Biography[change | change source]

Baev was born in Astrakhan in 1875. He was a relative and childhood friend of Mariinsky Theatre singer Nadezhda Papayan.[2] He studied in local gymnasium and then attended the Saint Petersburg Institute of Civil Engineering, from which he graduated in 1901. From 1911 to 1918 he worked as the main architect of Baku.[3] During this period he constructed more than 100 buildings in Baku, including the Great Theatre of the Mailov Brothers (modern days Azerbaijan State Opera Theatre, 1911),[4] Sabunchi Railway Station,[5][6][7] a residential sector in the former Armenikend area of Baku,[8] and other buildings.

In 1927[1] Bayev moved to Yerevan and from 1929 to 1930 worked as the head of ArmSelStroy[9] (Armenian agency for rural construction), where he constructed about 200 buildings, among them Pioneer's Palace of Yerevan,[10] State Bank of Armenian SSR, Ministry of Justice, Yerevan Mechanical factory, old hall of Sundukyan Theatre, "Ararat" trust buildings, etc.[8][11] In 1945 he was awarded by the Honorary diploma of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Armenian SSR.

He was a member of Armenian Union of Architects (1942).[12] Bayev's personal archive (1896-1949) is a part of Yerevan State Archive.[9]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Zhukov, V. Yu. "Баев Николай Георгиевич (Никогайос Геворкович)" (in Russian). Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering.
  2. Nadezhda Papai︠a︡n, by Vardan Samveli︠a︡n, Yerevan, Izd-vo "Aiastan,", 1965, p. 12
  3. "Armenia - Russia: The dialogue in the space of artistic culture" (PDF) (in Russian). State Institute of Cultural Studies. November 2010. p. 16. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 26, 2014. ...Н. Баев — городской архитектор Баку...
  4. The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture: Delhi to Mosque By Jonathan M. Bloom, Sheila Blair, p. 238
  5. (in Russian) L. Bretanitski, "Baku", 1970
  6. Архитектура железнодорожных вокзалов: Евгений Васильевич Васильев, Николай Николаевич Щетинин, 1967, p. 37
  7. Socialist Realism Without Shores, by Thomas Lahusen and Evgeny Dobrenko, 1997, Duke University Press, ISBN 0-8223-1941-1, p. 97
  8. 8.0 8.1 Armenian Concise Encyclopedia, Ed. by acad. K. Khudaverdian, Yerevan, 1990, Vol. 1, p. 446-447
  9. 9.0 9.1 Bayev. Archival references.
  10. Ереван: очерк истории, экономики и культуры города - Абель Рогноси Симонян - 1965, p. 247
  11. (2005) Who is who: Armenians, Armenian encyclopedia. 2005, Yerevan, pp. 191-192
  12. Biography, Armenian Union of Architects

Bibliography[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]