Nix (moon)

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Nix
Nix best view-true color.jpg
The highest-resolution image of Nix, taken by New Horizons on 14 July 2015. Image captured in grayscale by LORRI, color added based on other images from Ralph MVIC.
Discovery
Discovered by Hubble Space Telescope
Pluto Companion Search Team
Discovery date 15 June 2005
Names
How to say it /ˈnɪks/
Named for Nyx
Other names (134340) Pluto II[1]
Adjective Nictian
Orbit [2]
Longest distance from the center of its orbital path
("semi-major axis")
48694±3 km
How long it takes to complete an orbit 24.85463±0.00003 d
Angle above the reference plane
("inclination")
0.133°±0.008°
What it orbits Pluto
Size and other qualities
Measurements50 km × 35 km × 33 km[3]
Mass (4.5±4.0)×1016 kg[4]
Rotation period

1.829 ± 0.009 d[3]

chaotic[5] (increased by 10% between discovery and flyby)[6]
Angle at which it turns
(in relation to its orbit)
132°[6] (to orbital plane; July 2015)
How much light it reflects 0.56 ± 0.05 geometric[3]
Avg. surface temp. 33–55 K
Seeming brightness
("apparent magnitude")
23.38–23.7 (measured)[7]
Discovery images of Nix and Hydra

Nix is a non-spherical moon of Pluto. It was found along with Hydra in June 2005 by the Hubble Space Telescope Pluto Companion Search Team.

The discovery images were taken on May 15, 2005 and May 18, 2005; the moons were independently found by Max J. Mutchler on June 15, 2005 and Andrew J. Steffl on August 15, 2005. The discoveries were announced on October 31, 2005, after confirmation from photographs archived in 2002. The moon were designated S/2005 P 1 (Hydra) and S/2005 P 2 (Nix).[8][9]

The moon follows a circular orbit in the same plane as Charon. It takes 24.9 days to circle around Pluto.

Before its size was directly measured, the moon was calculated to have a diameter of between 46 km, if its reflectivity is similar to Charon's 35%, and 137 km, if it had a reflectivity of 4%, like the darkest Kuiper belt objects.[10] Nix is slightly fainter than Hydra, suggesting that it is somewhat smaller in size.[7] In the discovery image, Nix is 6,300 times fainter than Pluto.[11]

Early research appeared to show that Nix was reddish like Pluto and unlike the other moons,[12] but more recent reports have been that it is grey like the remaining moons.[7]

Nix was visited along with Pluto by the New Horizons mission in 2015.

The formal name "Nix", from the Greek goddess of darkness and night, and mother of Charon, was announced on June 21, 2006 on IAU Circular 8723,[9] where the designation Pluto II is also given. Together with Hydra, Pluto's third moon, the initials are those of the New Horizons probe. The initial proposal was to use the Classical spelling Nyx, but to avoid confusion with the asteroid 3908 Nyx, this was changed to "the Egyptian spelling of the Greek name".[13]

References[change | change source]

  1. Jennifer Blue (2009-11-09). "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature". IAU Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN). Retrieved 2010-08-30.
  2. Showalter, M. R.; Hamilton, D. P. (3 June 2015). "Resonant interactions and chaotic rotation of Pluto's small moons". Nature 522 (7554): 45–49. doi:10.1038/nature14469. PMID 26040889. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "2016 Lunar & Planetary Science Conference by National Institute of Aerospace".
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named scimag000. ().
  5. Northon, Karen (3 June 2015). "NASA's Hubble Finds Pluto's Moons Tumbling in Absolute Chaos".
  6. 6.0 6.1 "DPS 2015: Pluto's small moons Styx, Nix, Kerberos, and Hydra [UPDATED]". www.planetary.org.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Stern S.A. et al (2006). "The Positions, Colors, and Photometric Variability of Pluto's Small Satellites from HST Observations 2005-2006". Astronomical Journal: submitted.  (Final preprint)
  8. IAU Circular No. 8625 describing the discovery
  9. 9.0 9.1 IAU Circular No. 8723 naming the moons
  10. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Weaver2006. ().
  11. Brightness Difference on 2005-05-15: (5th root of 100) ^ (Nix APmag 23.38 - Pluto APmag 13.87) = 6,368x
  12. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Buie06. ().
  13. "Planet and Satellite Names and Discoverers". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology. July 21, 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-15.
  1. Steffl A.J. (2006). "New constraints on additional satellites of the Pluto system". The Astronomical Journal 132: 614-619. (Final preprint)

Other websites[change | change source]