North Island brown kiwi

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North Island brown kiwi
TeTuatahianui.jpg
North Island brown kiwi, (Apteryx mantelli)
Male song
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Infraclass: Palaeognathae
Order: Apterygiformes
Family: Apterygidae
Genus: Apteryx
Species:
A. mantelli
Binomial name
Apteryx mantelli
North Island Brown Kiwi.png
The distribution of North Island brown kiwi
Synonyms
  • Apteryx australis var. mantelli (Bartlett 1852) Finsch 1872[2][3]
  • Apteryx australis mantelli (Bartlett 1852) Checklist Committee 1953
  • Apteryx bulleri Sharpe 1888
  • Apteryx mantelli mantelli Bartlett 1852
  • Apteryx mantelli novaezelandiae (Lesson 1828)
  • Apteryx australis novaezealandiae (Lesson 1828)
  • Dromiceius novaezelandiae Lesson 1828 nomen nudum

The North Island brown kiwi (Apteryx mantelli), is a type of kiwi. It lives in New Zealand.

Description[change | change source]

The North Island brown kiwi has dark brown spiky feathers. It also has a black, long pale bill. Its legs, toes and claws are short and dark. It has small wings and does not fly. It has no tail.[4]

Range and Habitat[change | change source]

Brown kiwi are found throughout the North Island. It prefers dense sub-tropical and temperate forests.[4]

Behavior[change | change source]

The North Island brown kiwi eat invertebrates. They lay 2-3 clutches a year with 2 eggs in each clutch. The nest can be in a small burrow or in a hollow log.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. BirdLife International (2017). "Apteryx mantelli". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T45353580A119177586. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T45353580A119177586.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  2. Gill; et al. (2010). "Checklist of the birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica" (PDF) (4th ed.). Te Papa Press. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
  3. Ümüt Çınar (2015). "01 Pᴀʟᴇᴏɢɴᴀᴛʜᴀᴇ : Sᴛʀᴜᴛʜɪᴏɴɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Rʜᴇɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Cᴀsᴜᴀʀɪɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴘᴛᴇʀʏɢɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Aᴇᴘʏᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Dɪɴᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Lɪᴛʜᴏʀɴɪᴛʜɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs, Tɪɴᴀᴍɪfᴏʀᴍᴇs & Rᴇfᴇʀᴇɴᴄᴇs". Archived from the original on 3 November 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "North Island brown kiwi | New Zealand Birds Online". www.nzbirdsonline.org.nz. Retrieved 2021-08-27.