From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Temporal range: 323 mya Upper Carboniferous – present
The common octopus, Octopus vulgaris.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Subclass: Coleoidea
Superorder: Octopodiformes
Order: Octopoda

Octopods are the order which contains the common octopus and some other types.[1][2] Fossila are rare, but they do have a fossil record starting in the later Carboniferous.

Octopods are put into two suborders. One, the Incirrina, is composed of the well-known Octopus of rocky shores and coral reefs and its relatives. The other suborder, the Cirrina, contains octopods whose tentacles are linked by an umbrella-like mantle, so their activity is rather different from the common octopus.

Cirrothauma, one of the Cirrina octopods. It lives in the deep sea at great depths

References[change | change source]

  1. William Elford Leach, 1818. "ITIS Report: Octopoda Leach, 1818". Itis.gov. 2013-04-10. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
  2. Helsinki.fi, Mikko's Phylogeny Archive: Coleoidea – Recent cephalopods