Oiniades

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Oiniades
Οινιάδες
The ancient shipyard
The ancient shipyard
Location

No coordinates given

Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 10 m (33 ft)
Government
Country: Greece
Periphery: West Greece
Municipality: Messolonghi
Population statistics (as of 2011[1])
Codes
Postal: 300 01
Telephone: 2210
Auto: ME
Flag of Greece.svg

Oiniades (Greek: Οινιάδες) is part of the municipality Missolonghi, Greece. Its area is 270.899 km2.[2] It was named after the ancient town of Oeniadae.

History[change | change source]

Ancient Oeniadae (Ancient Greek: Οἰνιάδαι) was a port town on the west bank of the river Achelous. It was one of the most important towns of ancient Acarnania. Oeniadai was first mentioned in the 5th century BC.[3]

It was against a hill in the marshes. These protected it from invaders.[4] It is the same place the modern village, Katochi.

It was an important port on the route to Corfu. It changed its alliances often in the history. At first it was a member of the Peloponnesian League. But, in 424 BC it joined the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, Oiniadai allied with the Aetolians until 218 BC when Philip V declared it free. From 211-189 BC during the Roman-Macedonian wars the Aetolians controlled it again. In Roman times it became less important.

Municipality[change | change source]

Subdivisions[change | change source]

The communities below are part of Oiniades:

  • Neochori Mesolongiou (Neochori, Magoula, Marmara)
  • Gouria
  • Katochi
  • Lesini
  • Mastros (Mastros, Platania)
  • Pentalofo

Population[change | change source]

Year Municipality population
1991 10,686
2001 10,227
2011 9,373

References[change | change source]

  1. "(875 KB) 2001 Census" (PDF). National Statistical Service of Greece (ΕΣΥΕ) (in Greek). www.statistics.gr. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
  2. "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  3. OINIADAI Greece, entry in The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites.
  4. Public Domain Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Oeniadae". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Other websites[change | change source]