Okinawa rail

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Okinawa rail
Okinawa Rail.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Gruiformes
Family: Rallidae
Genus: Gallirallus
Species:
G. okinawae
Binomial name
Gallirallus okinawae
(Yamashina & Mano, 1981)
Synonyms

The Okinawa rail (Gallirallus okinawae) is endemic to Okinawa Island in Japan, where it is known as the Yanbaru kuina (Yanbaru rail). is known to local people such as Agathi,Agacha,(meaning 'hurry'),Yamadhui(meaning 'mountain bird').


Appearance[change | change source]

The face is black with a white spot between the bill and eye and a white line behind the eye, extending back to the side of the neck. The undertail-coverts are dark brown with pale bars. Its wing length is 15-16cm. Its eggs are 5cm long and 3.5cm wide. It lives in the evergreen broad-leaved forest which is 500m above sea level. It is about 30 cm long with a wingspan of 50 cm and a weight of around 435 g.


Living areas[change | change source]

It lives in subtropical moist forests and in neighbouring habitats.


Food and water[change | change source]

Many prey which inhabitat in an artifical water field advanced organic pollution. Such as food mainly living in the road and forest adge.


References[change | change source]

The bill and iris are brownish and the legs and feet are yellow-ochre.

It is a noisy bird with a variety of loud calls. It calls most often early and late in the day, usually from the ground but sometimes from trees. Pairs often call together and up to 12 birds have been heard in one area

Relationship with human[change | change source]

Forest logging and agricultural land development - Destruction and division of habitats by forest roads and dam construction, traffic accidents, weakness death due to chicks sliding down to side grooves, predation by artificially introduced dogs and nonneko · fairy mongoose etc. Is decreasing


  1. BirdLife International (2016). "Hypotaenidia okinawae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T22692412A93352408. Retrieved 20 March 2019.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)