From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Nerium oleander flowers leaves.jpg
Nerium oleander in flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Nerium L.
Species: N. oleander
Binomial name
Nerium oleander

Oleander, Nerium oleander,[1] is a poisonous shrub. It is commonly used in gardens because of its pink colored flowers.[2][3] Nerium oleander is native to northern Africa, the eastern Mediterranean basin and southeast Asia. Oleander prefers dry, warm climates and may naturalize in such areas.[4] Recently, scientific studies on cardenolide oleandrin show that it may be used to prevent mutagenesis.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. Flora of China
  2. Osterloh J, Herold S, Pond S. Oleander interference in the digoxin radioimmunoassay in a fatal ingestion. JAMA 1982; 247: 1596-7.
  3. Zhao M. et al. 2007. Bioactive Cardenolides from the Stems and Twigs of Nerium oleander. J. Nat. Prod., 70, 1098 -1103
  4. culture conditions
  5. Manna SK. et al. 2000 Oleandrin Suppresses Activation of Nuclear Transcription Factor- B, Activator Protein-1, and c-Jun NH2-Terminal Kinase Cancer Research 60, 3838-3847