This article is about a World Heritage Site

Olomouc

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Olomouc

Holomóc
Olomóc
Horní náměstí (Upper Square) — the largest square in Olomouc (on right, the Holy Trinity Column; to the left, the Radnice (Olomouc City Hall) with its astronomical clock)
Horní náměstí (Upper Square) — the largest square in Olomouc
(on right, the Holy Trinity Column; to the left, the Radnice (Olomouc City Hall) with its astronomical clock)
Flag of Olomouc
Flag
Coat of arms of Olomouc
Coat of arms
Olomouc is located in Czech Republic
Olomouc
Olomouc
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°35′38″N 17°15′3″E / 49.59389°N 17.25083°E / 49.59389; 17.25083Coordinates: 49°35′38″N 17°15′3″E / 49.59389°N 17.25083°E / 49.59389; 17.25083
Country Czech Republic
RegionOlomouc
DistrictOlomouc
Founded10th century
First mentioned1017
Government
 • MayorMiroslav Žbánek (ANO)
Area
 • Total103.36 km2 (39.91 sq mi)
Elevation
219 m (719 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01[1])
 • Total100,523
 • Density970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
779 00
Websitewww.olomouc.eu
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official nameHoly Trinity Column in Olomouc
Criteriai, iv
Reference859
Inscription2000 (24th Session)

Olomouc is the sixth largest city in the Czech Republic. It is in the center of the historical region Moravia. In the past, Olomouc was a capital city of Moravia. The city has about 102,000 residents. Its larger urban zone has a population of about 480,000 people.

There are many churches and historical buildings. There is beautiful Holy Trinity Column in the centre. UNESCO has this column on the list of World Heritage Sites. There is a nice astronomical clock.

Lower courtyard of the University Art Centre (former Jesuit College building) with the so-called "Jewish Gate", which is part of the original fortification.

Its university is the oldest in Moravia and second oldest in the Czech Republic. The university was founded in 1573 as part of effort to reestablish Roman Catholicism in the country. Roughly nine out of ten[2] people of the Czech Crown lands were Protestants at the time.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  2. Václavík, David (2010). Náboženství a moderní česká společnost. Grada Publishing a.s.