This article is about a World Heritage Site


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Coordinates: 49°36′N 17°15′E / 49.6°N 17.25°E / 49.6; 17.25
Olomouc-Horní náměstí.JPG
Horní náměstí — the largest square in Olomouc
(on right, the Holy Trinity Column; to the left, Olomouc City Hall with astronomical clock)
Olomouc flag.png
Olomouc CZ CoA.png
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic Czech Republic
Region Olomouc
District Olomouc
River Morava
Elevation 219 m (719 ft)
Coordinates 49°36′N 17°15′E / 49.6°N 17.25°E / 49.6; 17.25
Area 103.36 km² (39.91 sq mi)
Population 101,003 (26.3.2011) [1]
Density 987 /km² (2,556 /sq mi)
Founded 10th century
 - First mentioned 1017
Mayor Antonín Staněk
Postal code 779 00
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Name Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc
Year 2000 (#24)
Number 859
Region Europe and North America
Criteria i, iv
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Locator Red.svg
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Olomouc

Olomouc is the sixth largest city in the Czech Republic. It is in the center of the historical region Moravia. In the past, Olomouc was a capital city of Moravia. The city has about 102,000 residents. Its larger urban zone has a population of about 480,000 people.

There are many churches and historical buildings. There is beautiful Holy Trinity Column in the centre. UNESCO has this column on the list of World Heritage Sites. There is a nice astronomical clock.

Lower courtyard of the University Art Centre (former Jesuit College building) with the so-called "Jewish Gate", which is part of the original fortification.

Its university is the oldest in Moravia and second oldest in the Czech Republic. The university was founded in 1573 as part of effort to reestablish Roman Catholicism in the country. Roughly nine out of ten[2] people of the Czech Crown lands were Protestants at the time.

References[change | change source]

  1. "2011 census" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  2. Václavík, David (2010). Náboženství a moderní česká společnost. Grada Publishing a.s..