Pacific lamprey

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Pacific lamprey
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Superclass: Agnatha
Class: Hyperoartia
Order: Petromyzontiformes
Family: Petromyzontidae
Genus: Entosphenus
E. tridentatus
Binomial name
Entosphenus tridentatus
(Richardson, 1836)
  • Petromyzon tridentatus Richardson 1836
  • Entosphenus tridentatus tridentatus (Richardson 1836)
  • Lampetra tridentata (Richardson 1836)
  • Petromyzon ciliatus Ayres 1855
  • Petromyzon lividus Girard 1858
  • Petromyzon astori Girard 1858
  • Entosphenus epihexodon Gill 1862
  • Petromyzon epihexodon (Gill 1862)

The Pacific lamprey (Entosphenus tridentatus) is an anadromous (reproduce up rivers) parasitic lamprey from the Pacific Coast of North America and Asia. It is a member of the Petromyzontidae family. The Pacific lamprey is also known as the three-tooth lamprey.

Description[change | change source]

Pacific lampreys grow to about 80 cm (31 in) as adults. They move from the ocean up rivers to reproduce. and reproduce once before dying. They have thin, long bodies with two fins on its back starting far back on the body. The anal fins are simple and the lower lobe of the tail fin is larger than the upper lobe and both lobes are joined with the dorsal fin and the anal fin. Adults living in the sea are a bluish-black or greenish colour above and pale below, but those in fresh water are brown. This species is known for having three (or occasionally two) sharp teeth. The Pacific lamprey are often found at sea or often far offshore. At sea, depth: near surface to 1,508 m (4,946 ft) [3]

References[change | change source]

  1. Van Der Laan, Richard; Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ronald (11 November 2014). "Family-group names of Recent fishes". Zootaxa. 3882 (1): 1–230. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1. PMID 25543675.
  2. Froese, R.; Pauly, D. (2017). "Petromyzontidae". FishBase version (02/2017). Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  3. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Entosphenus tridentatus" in FishBase. April 2012 version.