Paedophryne

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Paedophryne
Paratype of Paedophryne amauensis (LSUMZ 95004).png
Paedophryne amauensis on a US dime
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Microhylidae
Subfamily: Asterophryinae
Genus: Paedophryne
Kraus 2010
Species: P. amauensis
Binomial name
Paedophryne amauensis
Places where Paedophryne has been found

Paedophryne is a genus of microhylid frogs from Papua New Guinea. All six species known so far are amongst the smallest frog and vertebrate species.[1]

Paedophryne amauensis[change | change source]

Paedophryne amauensis is a recently discovered species of frog from Papua New Guinea. Only 7.7 millimetres (0.30 in) long, it is the world's smallest known vertebrate.[1][2][3]

Discovery[change | change source]

The frog species was discovered in August of 2009 by Christopher Austin when exploring Papua New Guinea.[1] The National Science Foundation sponsored the exploration.[4]

Characteristics[change | change source]

The frog is a millimeter smaller than the previous record holder for being the world's smallest vertebrate – a species of carp (Paedocypris progenetica) from Indonesia.[4][5] The frog mainly lives on land. According to its discoverers, the life cycle of the frog does not include a tadpole stage.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Rittmeyer, Eric et al. N. (2012). "Ecological guild evolution and the discovery of the world's smallest vertebrate". PLoS ONE 7 (1). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029797. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0029797. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
  2. Black, Richard. "BBC News - World's smallest frog discovered". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-01-12. 
  3. World's tiniest frogs found in Papua New Guinea The Australian 12 January 2012 [1]
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "World's smallest creature with a vertebrate named". The Telegraph. 12 January 2012. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/wildlife/9008913/Worlds-smallest-creature-with-a-vertebrate-named.html. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
  5. "Hallan en Papúa Nueva Guinea a las ranas más pequeñas del mundo" (in Spanish). eluniverso.com. Retrieved 2012-01-12.