From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Wooden five-story pagoda of Hōryū-ji in Japan.
Gongbei (Sufi shrine) of Yu Baba in Linxia city, China.

A pagoda is any kind of tower with multiple eaves. They are common in eastern and southeastern Asia. Most pagodas are built for religious purposes. Most are usually Buddhist temples, while some are also used as Taoist temples and Muslim mosques and Gongbeis.[1][2]

These were first built during the 3rd century BC.[3] This kind of architecture has spread across Asia, taking on many differences as details specific to different regions are made a part of the overall design.[4] Stupas were used to house Buddhist relics.[3] Later, the architecture of Chinese towers and Chinese pavilions blended into pagoda architecture. This eventually spread to Southeast Asia. The pagoda's original purpose was to house relics and sacred writings.[5][6]

References[change | change source]

  1. Brill Publishers. "PAGODA". Retrieved 11 December 2023.
  2. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Pagoda. Encyclopædia Britannica
  4. The Evolution of Indian Stupa Architecture in East Asia. Eric Stratton. New Delhi, Vedams, 2002, viii, ISBN 81-7936-006-7
  5. A World History of Architecture. Michael W. Fazio, Marian Moffett, Lawrence Wodehouse. Published 2003. McGraw-Hill Professional. ISBN 0-07-141751-6.
  6. The Impact of Buddhism on Chinese Material Culture. John Kieschnick. Published 2003. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-09676-7.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Pagodas at Wikimedia Commons