Panzer I

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Panzerkampfwagen I
SdKfz101.jpg
A Panzerkampfwagen I Ausf. A being displayed at the Deutsches Panzermuseum Munster in Germany
Type Light tank
Place of origin  Nazi Germany
Service history
In service 1934–1945 in Nazi Germany
Used by Nazi Germany, Bulgaria, Republic of China, Hungary, Spain
Wars Spanish Civil War
Second World War
Second Sino-Japanese War
Production history
Designed 1934
Manufacturer Henschel, MAN, Krupp, Daimler
Produced 1934–1937
Number built 1493
Specifications
Weight 5.4 tonnes (6.0 short tons)
Length 4.02 m (13.2 ft)
Width 2.06 m (6.8 ft)
Height 1.72 m (5.6 ft)
Crew 2 (commander and driver)

Armor 7–13 mm
Primary
armament
2 × 7.92 mm MG13 machine guns
Engine Krupp M 305 four-cylinder air-cooled gasoline engine
60 PS (59 hp, 44 kW)
Power/weight 11.1 PS/t
Suspension leaf quarter-elliptic springs
Operational
range
On-road: 200 km (120 mi)
Off-road: 175 km (109 mi)
Speed On-road: 50 km/h (31 mph)
Off-road: 37 km/h (23 mph)

The Panzer I tank was a Nazi Germany light tank that was used during many wars of the 1930s as well as during World War II. The name of the tank is short for Panzerkampfwagen I ("armored fighting vehicle mark I") (abbreviated PzKpfw I).

The tank was only intended for use as a training tank to introduce the concept of armoured warfare to the German Army. The tank was used in combat in Spain during the Spanish Civil War,[1] in Poland,[2] France,[3] the Soviet Union and North Africa[4] during the Second World War, and in China during the Second Sino-Japanese War. The tank had thin armor and light armament of two machine guns. It was weak in combat but was a large part of Germany's tank forces. The Panzer I was replaced by the Panzer IV, Panther, and Tiger later on.

References[change | change source]

  1. 38 Ausf. A and 3 Panzerbefehlswagen I Ausf. B command vehicles. García, Las Armas de la Guerra Civil Española, p. 308
  2. McCarthy, Peter (July 14, 2002) (in English). Panzerkrieg: The Rise and Fall Of Hitler's Tank Divisions (Hardcover). Basic Books. p. 51. ISBN 9780786712649 .
  3. McCarthy, Peter (July 14, 2002) (in English). Panzerkrieg: The Rise and Fall Of Hitler's Tank Divisions (Hardcover). Basic Books. p. 72. ISBN 9780786712649 .
  4. McCarthy, Peter (July 14, 2002) (in English). Panzerkrieg: The Rise and Fall Of Hitler's Tank Divisions (Hardcover). Basic Books. p. 99. ISBN 9780786712649 .