Parmesan cheese

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A Parmesan cheese

Parmesan cheese is the name of an Italian extra-hard cheese made of cow's milk. The original Parmesan cheese is more precisely called Parmigiano-Reggiano. It is produced only in Italy, in the provinces of Parma, Reggio Emilia, Modena, Mantua (partly)and Bologna (partly). It is usually the cheese to go with Spaghetti and other typical Italian pasta, but it also has many other uses. Parmesan is a part of Italian national cuisine and it can be consumed both grated and in slivers. It is hard, sharp and dry.

Parmigiano-Reggiano is DOP / AOC. This means that the way they are made and the region in Italy they come from are strictly regulated.

The brand (Parmigiano Reggiano) is protected, and only in Europe.[1] In many parts of the world, cheese is sold as Parmesan cheese that has nothing to do with the true (Italian) Parmigiano Reggiano.[2] Paradoxically, the biggest producers of such cheeses are the United States and Argentina.[source?]

The original Parmesan cheese is one of the most expensive cheeses in the world.

Parmesan cheese in the buffet

Generic Parmesan cheese[change | change source]

Very often, people who talk about "Parmesan cheese" do not mean Parmigiano Reggiano. They mean other cheeses, which are similar: They are hard grating cheeses made from cow's millk.[3] They are generally pale yellow in color, and usually used grated on dishes like spaghetti, Caesar salad, and pizza.[4] American generic parmesan is frequently sold already grated.

Within the European Union, the term Parmesan may only be used, by law, to refer to Parmigiano-Reggiano itself, which must be made in a restricted geographic area, using stringently defined methods. In many areas outside Europe, the name "Parmesan" has become genericized: Any one of a number of hard Italian-style grating cheeses are called 'Patmesan'.[5][6] After the European ruling that "parmesan" could not be used as a generic name, Kraft renamed its grated cheese "Pamesello" in Europe.

One kind of cheese, which is very similar, but produced in another region in Italy, is Grana Padano. Grana Padano is produced in Lombardy,

References[change | change source]

  1. Case C-132/05 Commission v Germany European Commission Legal Service, July 2008
  2. "Most Parmesan Cheeses in America Are Fake, Here's Why". Forbes. November 19, 2012. Retrieved 2015-05-13. ... that it has earned the nickname in the dairy industry, 'The King of Cheeses.'
  3. Preedy, Victor R.; Watson, Ronald Ross; Patel, Vinood B., eds. (2013-10-15). Handbook of cheese in health: Production, nutrition and medical sciences. The Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers. p. 264. doi:10.3920/978-90-8686-766-0. ISBN 978-90-8686-211-5. Retrieved 2014-05-30.
  4. Wisconsin Cheese: A Cookbook and Guide to the Cheeses of Wisconsin – Martin Hintz, Pam Percy – Google Books. 2008-02-26. Retrieved 2014-05-30.
  5. Oxford Companion to Food, s.v. 'parmesan'
  6. Cox, James (9 September 2003). "What's in a name?". USA TODAY. Retrieved 27 November 2014.

Other interesting websites[change | change source]

Media related to Parmesan cheese at Wikimedia Commons