Parmesan cheese is the name of a few kinds of Italian extra-hard cheeses made of cow's milk. It is usually the cheese to go with Spaghetti and other typical Italian pasta, but it also has many other uses. Parmesan is a part of Italian national cuisine and is usually grated. It is hard, sharp and dry.
Usually, Parmesan cheese is either Parmigiano-Reggiano or Grana Padano cheese. Both cheeses are AOC. This means that the way they are made and the region in Italy they come from are strictly regulated.
Only these brands (Parmigiano Reggiano, Grana Padano) are protected, and only in Europe. In many parts of the world, cheese is sold as Parmesan cheese that has nothing to do with the true (Italian) Parmigiano Reggiano or Grana Padano. The biggest producers of such cheeses are the United States and Argentina.[source?]
The original Parmesan cheese is one of the most expensive cheeses in the world.
References[change | change source]
- Case C-132/05 Commission v Germany European Commission Legal Service, July 2008
- "Most Parmesan Cheeses in America Are Fake, Here's Why". Forbes. November 19, 2012. http://www.forbes.com/sites/larryolmsted/2012/11/19/the-dark-side-of-parmesan-cheese-what-you-dont-know-might-hurt-you. Retrieved 2015-05-13. "... that it has earned the nickname in the dairy industry, 'The King of Cheeses.'"