Pax Romana

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Roman Empire at its biggest size, during the Pax Romana.

The Pax Romana was the period when there was peace in the Roman Empire. "Pax" means "peace" in the Latin language; "Romana" means "Roman" in Latin. So, "Pax Romana" means "Roman peace."

The Pax Romana lasted from 27 BC until 180 AD. It started when Augustus Caesar was Emperor (ruler) of the Roman Empire.

The main good things that happened in this time were:

  1. There were not many wars.
  2. There was a lot of trade. "Trade" means the buying and selling of goods. Goods are things that can be bought or sold.

The Emperors of the Pax Romana were:

  • Augustus: (27 BC – 14 AD) was the first emperor, He was the adopted son of Julius Caesar.
  • Nerva: (96–98 AD) changed land laws to help the poor and changed taxes.
  • Trajan: Made the empire into its largest size and built many new public works such as bath-houses and roads.
  • Hadrian: Built Hadrian's Wall in Britain (at the time called Britannia) and also made Roman laws easier to understand.
  • Antoninus Pius: Promoted art and science and built new public works, and passed laws to help orphans.