Pierre-Joseph Redouté

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Pierre-Joseph Redouté (10 July 1759 in Saint-Hubert – 19 June 1840 in Paris) was a painter and botanist from the Southern Netherlands. He is known for his watercolours of roses, lilies and other flowers.[1] He was nicknamed "the Raphael of flowers" and has been called the greatest botanical illustrator of all time.[2] Many of the species he painted had never been illustrated before.

He was an official court artist of Queen Marie Antoinette, and he continued painting through the French Revolution and Reign of Terror.

For fifty years, Redouté was the drawing teacher to French queens and princesses. He dedicated Choix des plus belles fleurs to two of his students, Louise and Marie d’Orléans. Later, Marie d’Orléans became the first queen of the Belgians.[3]

Principal works[change | change source]

Posthumously published, in 1989:

  • Champignons du Luxembourg. Planches inédites de Pierre-Joseph Redouté (1759–1840). Manuscrit de Louis Marchand (1807–1843). Ministère d'Etat. Government commission for the commemoration of the 150th anniversary of Independence of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg; Musée national d'histoire naturelle; Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois, 1989.

References[change | change source]

  1. Blunt, Wilfred 1950. The art of botanical illustration. London: Collins, chapter 14 The age of Redouté. Later edition: Blunt, Wilfred, rev. by Stearn, William T. 1994. The art of botanical illustration. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Antique Collectors Club.
  2. Schmidt, Alesandra M; and Trudy B. Jacoby. 1996. Herbs to orchids: botanical illustration in the nineteenth century. Watkinson Exhibition Catalogs, paper 3.
  3. "Rare Book Room". http://rarebookroom.org/.