The pili (Central Bikol and Filipino: pili, // pee-LEE;) (Canarium ovatum) is a tropical tree from the torchwood family. It is native to the Philippines. The tree has nuts that have a lot of fat in them.
The plant[change | change source]
The pili tree is about 20 m (66 ft) tall with resin strong wood. It can live through strong winds. Insects pollinate the plant. Its flowers bloom much of the time. The fruits ripen after a while. The ovary has three locules, each with two ovules; most of the time only one ovule develops.
The C. ovatum fruit is a stone fruit, weighing 15.7 to 45.7 g (0.035 to 0.101 lb). The skin (exocarp) is smooth, thin, shiny, and darkens when the fruit ripens; the pulp (mesocarp) is fibrous, fleshy, and yellow in color. The nuts are 8% carbohydrate, 11.5 to 13.9% protein, and 70% fat. Kernels from some trees may be bitter, fibrous or have a weird smell.
References[change | change source]
- Energy Development Corporation (EDC) (2020). "Canarium ovatum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2020. Retrieved 27 July 2020.)
- "Canarium ovatum Engl. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2021-08-09.
- Kukuda Y, Jahaniaval F, Umali J (2000). "Characterization of Pili Nut (Canarium ovatum) Oil: Fatty Acid and Triacylglycerol Composition and Physicochemical Properties" (PDF). Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. 77 (9): 991–996. doi:10.1007/s11746-000-0156-8. S2CID 83628873.
- Chandler, W. H. 1958. Evergreen orchards. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia.[page needed]