Pledge of Allegiance

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The Pledge of Allegiance of the United States is an expression of allegiance to the Flag of the United States and the republic of the United States of America. It was originally composed by Colonel George Balch in 1887.[1][2][3] It was changed by Francis Bellamy in 1892. It was formally adopted by the Congress as the pledge in 1942.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. Teachers Magazine for Primary Grades. Ives-Butler Company. 1911-01-01.
  2. Kirkpatrick, Melanie. "One Nation, Indivisible". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2015-11-01.
  3. "Captain and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel George T. Balch, Ordnance Corps Hall of Fame Inductee 2001, U.S. Army Ordnance Corps". www.goordnance.army.mil. Retrieved 2015-11-01.
  4. "Society & Community. Faith in America: The Legal Dilemma". NOW with Bill Moyers. PBS. June 29, 2002.