# Poisson's ratio

Figure 1: A cube with sides of length L of an isotropic linearly elastic material subject to tension along the x axis, with a Poisson's ratio of 0.5. The green cube is unstrained, the red is expanded in the x direction by ${\displaystyle \Delta L}$ due to tension, and contracted in the y and z directions by ${\displaystyle \Delta L'}$.
${\displaystyle \nu =-{\frac {d\varepsilon _{\mathrm {trans} }}{d\varepsilon _{\mathrm {axial} }}}=-{\frac {d\varepsilon _{\mathrm {y} }}{d\varepsilon _{\mathrm {x} }}}=-{\frac {d\varepsilon _{\mathrm {z} }}{d\varepsilon _{\mathrm {x} }}}}$