Polar vortex

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The polar vortex (alternate names: Arctic cyclone or polar vortice) is a persistent large-scale cyclone located near geographical poles of a planet. On Earth, a polar vortex is usually in the middle and upper troposphere and stratosphere. The cyclone surrounds the polar highs. Polar storms lie in the wake of the polar front. They strengthen in the winter and weaken near summer. These vortexes span usually between 620 to 1,240 miles. They circulate counter-clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere.

Similar to hurricanes, a Coriolis effect causes the rotation of a polar vortex. The Arctic vortex has two main centers: one is over the Baffin Island, the other is over northeastern Siberia.[1]

Climate change may be increasing Arctic polar vortex stretching events.[2] This would cause more extreme cold in the United States.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Meteorology Glossary". The American Meteorological Society. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Research Links Extreme Cold Weather in the United States to Arctic Warming". Climate Program Office. Retrieved 2022-09-18.