President of Myanmar

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from President of Burma)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
President of the
Republic of the Union of Myanmar
ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်‌ သမ္မတ
State seal of Myanmar.svg
Win Myint 2017 cropped.jpg
Incumbent
Win Myint

since 30 March 2018
StyleHis excellency (For international correspondence)
Member ofCabinet National Defence and Security Council
ResidencePresidential Palace
SeatNaypyidaw
NominatorAssembly of the Union
AppointerPresidential Electoral College
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Myanmar
Inaugural holderSao Shwe Thaik
Formation4 January 1948
DeputyVice President of Myanmar
SalaryK5 million / month[1]
Websitewww.president-office.gov.mm

The president of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (Burmese: နိုင်ငံတော်‌ သမ္မတ; MLCTS: nuing ngam tau samma.ta.) is the head of state and head of government of Myanmar.

The president is elected by members of parliament, not by the general population. The Presidential Electoral College, a three committee body, elects the president.[2]

Presidents of Burma/Myanmar (1948–present)[change | change source]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Union of Burma (1948–1974)[change | change source]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Sao Shwe Thaik.jpg Sao Shwe Thaik
(1895–1962)
4 January 1948 16 March 1952 4 years, 72 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
2 Ba U.JPG Ba U
(1887–1963)
16 March 1952 13 March 1957 4 years, 362 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
3 Mahn Win Maung.jpg Win Maung
(1916–1989)
13 March 1957 2 March 1962[a] 4 years, 354 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
President Ne Win Portrait.JPG Ne Win
(1911–2002)
2 March 1962 2 March 1974 12 years, 0 days Military /
Burma Socialist Programme Party

Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma (1974–1988)[change | change source]

4 President Ne Win Portrait.JPG Ne Win
(1911–2002)
2 March 1974 9 November 1981[b] 7 years, 252 days Burma Socialist Programme Party
5 State seal of Myanmar (1974-2008).svg San Yu
(1918–1996)
9 November 1981 27 July 1988[c] 6 years, 261 days Burma Socialist Programme Party
6 State seal of Myanmar (1974-2008).svg Sein Lwin
(1923–2004)
27 July 1988 12 August 1988[c] 16 days Burma Socialist Programme Party
State seal of Myanmar (1974-2008).svg Aye Ko
(1921–2006)
Acting President
12 August 1988 19 August 1988 7 days Burma Socialist Programme Party
7 State seal of Myanmar (1974-2008).svg Maung Maung
(1925–1994)
19 August 1988 18 September 1988[d] 30 days Burma Socialist Programme Party

Union of Burma/Myanmar (1988–2011)[change | change source]

State seal of Myanmar (1974-2008).svg Saw Maung
(1928–1997)
18 September 1988 23 April 1992[e] 3 years, 218 days Military
Than Shwe 2010-10-11.jpg Than Shwe
(born 1933)
23 April 1992 30 March 2011[f] 18 years, 341 days Military

Republic of the Union of Myanmar (2011–present)[change | change source]

8 TheinSeinASEAN.jpg Thein Sein
(born 1945)
30 March 2011 30 March 2016 5 years, 0 days Union Solidarity and Development Party
9 President U Htin Kyaw official.jpg Htin Kyaw
(born 1946)
30 March 2016 21 March 2018 1 year, 356 days National League for Democracy
State seal of Myanmar.svg Myint Swe
(born 1951)
Acting President
21 March 2018 30 March 2018 9 days Union Solidarity and Development Party
10 Win Myint 2017 cropped.jpg Win Myint
(born 1951)
30 March 2018 Incumbent 2 years, 203 days National League for Democracy

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Deposed in the 1962 coup d'état.
  2. Resigned after the 1981 general election.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Resigned during the 8888 Uprising.
  4. Deposed in a coup d'état during the 8888 Uprising.
  5. Resigned due to health reasons.[3][4]
  6. Handed over power to the civilian government after the 2010 general election.

References[change | change source]

  1. https://www.mmtimes.com/news/nld-cuts-salaries-mps-ministers-saves-nearly-k6b.html
  2. "FACTBOX – Myanmar's new political structure". Reuters. 31 January 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  3. Wheeler, Ned (28 July 1997). "Obituary: General Saw Maung". The Independent. London.
  4. "Saw Maung Is Dead at 68; Led a Brutal Burmese Coup". The New York Times. 27 July 1997.