Executive heads of government
Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India
Fumio Kishida, Prime Minister of Japan
Olaf Scholz, Chancellor of Germany
Rishi Sunak, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Giorgia Meloni, Prime Minister of Italy
Karl Nehammer, Chancellor of Austria
Anthony Albanese, Prime Minister of Australia
Pedro Sánchez, Prime Minister of Spain
Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada
Anwar Ibrahim, Prime Minister of Malaysia
Christopher Luxon, Prime Minister of New Zealand Abiy Ahmed, Prime Minister of Ethiopia
The heads of government of five members of the Commonwealth of Nations at the 1944 Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference.
head of government is the leader of the executive branch of a nation's government. This is not always the same person as the head of state. Common titles for heads of government include Premier or Prime Minister.
In some countries such as the
United States, the president is both the head of state and the head of government. In the Republic of Ireland the president is the head of state but the Taoiseach (Prime Minister) is the head of government.
In most modern
monarchies the king (or queen) is the head of state but not the head of government, as is the case of Japan and the UK, for example. In this scenario, the monarch will perform ceremonial duties while the head of government takes care of the executive branch.
The head of state of some countries has no power over law and justice, for example, the
Chancellor of Germany has those powers and not the Bundespresident.