Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
|Prime Minister of the United Kingdom|
Royal Coat of Arms of Her Majesty’s Government.
The Right Honourable
(UK and Commonwealth)
|Status||Head of Government|
|Residence||10 Downing Street|
|First holder||Sir Robert Walpole|
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the government of the United Kingdom and chairman of the British cabinet. As the chief legal advisor to the Monarch of the United Kingdom, the prime minister is the chief minister of the Crown and a senior member of the Privy Council. The Prime Minister directs both the executive and the legislature of the United Kingdom and is the leader of the majority party in the House of Commons. The current office holder is Boris Johnson. He took office after Theresa May's resignation on 24 July 2019. Before this, Johnson served as the Foreign Secretary and Mayor of London
Boris Johnson was elected for office by the 160,000 members of the UK's Conservative and Unionist Party. He beat his rival Jeremy Hunt. The two candidates topped a poll of Conservative MPs to qualify for the ballot of party members
Background[change | change source]
The Prime Minister is usually the leader of the political party which wins most seats after a general election. There are 650 are available in the United Kingdom. Voters vote for their own local MP, not for the Prime Minister.
The first Prime Minister was Robert Walpole in the eighteenth century. He was known as the "First Lord of the Treasury". The first person to be officially called "Prime Minister" was Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman in 1905.
Well-known prime ministers in the 20th century include Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill, Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair. The Prime Ministers usually live and work at No.10 Downing Street or Chequers House while in office. Chequers was donated to the country by Sir Winston Churchill.
Living former prime ministers[change | change source]
There are five living former British prime ministers:
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]