John Major

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sir John Major

John Major 2014.jpg
Pictured in 2014
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
28 November 1990 – 2 May 1997
MonarchElizabeth II
DeputyMichael Heseltine (1995–97)
Preceded byMargaret Thatcher
Succeeded byTony Blair
Leader of the Opposition
In office
2 May 1997 – 19 June 1997
MonarchElizabeth II
Prime MinisterTony Blair
Preceded byTony Blair
Succeeded byWilliam Hague
Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
4 July 1995 – 19 June 1997
DeputyMichael Heseltine
Preceded byHimself
Succeeded byWilliam Hague
In office
28 November 1990 – 22 June 1995
DeputyThe Viscount Whitelaw (1990–91)
Preceded byMargaret Thatcher
Succeeded byHimself
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
26 October 1989 – 28 November 1990
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Chief SecretaryNorman Lamont
Preceded byNigel Lawson
Succeeded byNorman Lamont
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
In office
24 July 1989 – 26 October 1989
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Preceded bySir Geoffrey Howe
Succeeded byDouglas Hurd
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
In office
13 June 1987 – 24 July 1989
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
ChancellorNigel Lawson
Preceded byJohn MacGregor
Succeeded byNorman Lamont
Minister of State for Social Security
In office
10 September 1986 – 13 June 1987
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Sec. of StateNorman Fowler
Preceded byTony Newton
Succeeded byNicholas Scott
Member of Parliament
for Huntingdon
Huntingdonshire (1979–1983)
In office
3 May 1979 – 7 June 2001
Preceded byDavid Renton
Succeeded byJonathan Djanogly
Personal details
Born (1943-03-29) 29 March 1943 (age 76)
St Helier, Surrey, England
Political partyConservative
Norma Johnson (m. 1970)
SignatureJohn Major's signature
WebsiteOfficial website

Sir John Major (born 29 March 1943) KG CH is a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and leader of the Conservative Party from November 1990 to May 1997. He was also a member of the Cabinet of Margaret Thatcher as Chief Secretary to the Treasury (1987-1989), Foreign Secretary (1989) and Chancellor of the Exchequer (1989-1990).

Major was born in Carshalton, England and left school at the age of 16.[1][2] He became a Conservative Party councillor in 1968. At the 1979 General Election, Major became a Member of Parliament for Huntingdonshire (Huntingdon from 1983 onwards). After holding several cabinet posts, Major was elected to succeed Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister and Conservative leader.[3] As Prime Minister, John Major oversaw British involvement in the Gulf War (1991-92) and his party's narrow re-election in the 1992 General Election. After this, the Conservative Party became less popular because of the Black Wednesday fiasco in November 1992 and because the Conservative Party became divided over the issue of the European Union. The Conservative Party was defeated at the 1997 General Election and Major was succeeded by the Labour Party's Tony Blair. Major was succeeded as Conservative leader by William Hague and he stood down as an MP at the 2001 General Election.

Major has so far declined a life peerage on standing down from Parliament.[4]

Personal life[change | change source]

Major married Norma Johnson (now Dame Norma Major, DBE) on 3 October 1970. She was a teacher, and a member of the Young Conservatives. They became engaged after only ten days.[5] They had two children; a son, James, and a daughter, Elizabeth. They have a holiday home on the coast of north Norfolk, near Weybourne.[6]

He is a keen follower of cricket, motor racing, and also a supporter of Chelsea Football Club.[7][8]

References[change | change source]

  1. Major, John (2000) John Major The Autobiography, p.30. HarperCollins, London. ISBN 978-0-00-653074-9.
  2. Seldon, Anthony (1998) Major – A Political Life, p.18. Phoenix, London. ISBN 978-0-7538-0145-1.
  3. Malcolm Rifkind (15 August 1999). "Major has every right to shop Lady Thatcher". London: Independent Newspapers. Retrieved 13 Narcg 2011. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. Major to turn down peerage – accessed 15 August 2006
  5. "Profile at". Archived from the original on 8 September 2008. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
  6. Brogan, Benedict (21 March 2002). "Protection bill for John Major rises to £1.5m". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
  7. Insert
  8. "The Shed – Celebrity Fans". Retrieved 17 April 2010.