Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
|20th President of France|
Co-Prince of Andorra
27 May 1974 – 21 May 1981
|Prime Minister||Jacques Chirac|
|Preceded by||Alain Poher (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||François Mitterrand|
|President of the Regional Council of Auvergne|
21 March 1986 – 2 April 2004
|Preceded by||Maurice Pourchon|
|Succeeded by||Pierre-Joël Bonté|
|Minister of Finance|
29 June 1969 – 27 May 1974
|Prime Minister||Jacques Chaban-Delmas|
|Preceded by||François-Xavier Ortoli|
|Succeeded by||Jean-Pierre Fourcade|
19 January 1962 – 8 January 1966
|Prime Minister||Michel Debré|
|Preceded by||Wilfrid Baumgartner|
|Succeeded by||Michel Debré|
Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard d'Estaing
2 February 1926
|Political party||National Centre of Independents and Peasants (Before 1962)|
Independent Republicans (1962–1977)
Republican Party (1977–1995)
Popular Party for French Democracy (1995–1997)
Liberal Democracy (1997–1998)
Union for French Democracy (1998–2002)
|Union for French Democracy (1978–1998)|
|Spouse(s)||Anne-Aymone Sauvage de Brantes (1952–present)|
|Alma mater||Polytechnic School|
National School of the Administration, Strasbourg
Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard d'Estaing (French pronunciation: [valeʁi ʒiskaʁ dɛstɛ̃]; born 2 February 1926) is a French centrist politician. He is a member of the Constitutional Council of France. He served as President of France from 1974 until 1981. He also was Minister of Finance under prime ministers Jacques Chaban-Delmas and Pierre Messmer.
At age 94, Giscard is the longest-lived French President in history.
Presidency[change | change source]
Giscard won the presidential election of 1974 with 50.8% of the vote against François Mitterrand of the Socialist Party. His presidency was known for its liberal stand on social issues—such as divorce, contraception and abortion—and he also helped modernize the country and the office of the presidency.
He supported projects as the TGV and the turn towards reliance on nuclear power as France's main energy source. However, his popularity suffered from the economic downturn that followed the 1973 energy crisis, marking the end of the "thirty glorious years" after World War II.
Giscard d'Estaing had political opposition from both sides of the spectrum: from the newly unified left of François Mitterrand and a rising Jacques Chirac. In 1981, despite a high approval rating, he lost his reelection in a runoff against Mitterrand, with 48.2% of the vote.
Post-presidency[change | change source]
Supporting the European Union, he was in charge of the Convention on the Future of Europe that drafted the not successful Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. In 2003, he was elected to the Académie française.
Personal life[change | change source]
In 1952, he married Anne-Aymone Giscard d'Estaing. They have four children.
On 14 September 2020, Giscard was hospitalized under intensive care for breathing problems in Paris.
References[change | change source]
- "Giscard hints at affair with Diana". Connexion. 21 September 2009. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
- "Giscard: I made up Diana love story". Connexion. 24 September 2009. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
- "France's former president Giscard d'Estaing, 94, hospitalised". France24. 14 September 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Valéry Giscard d'Estaing at Wikimedia Commons
- (in French) Personal blog of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
- (in French) Biography on the French National Assembly website
- (in French) First and second-round results of French presidential elections