Das Lied der Deutschen
|- 1918-1925||Friedrich Ebert|
|- 1925-1933||Paul von Hindenburg|
|- 1919||Philipp Scheidemann (first)|
|- 1933||Adolf Hitler (last)|
|- State council||Reichsrat|
|Historical era||Interwar period|
|- Established||9 November 1918 1919|
|- Hitler takes office||30 January 1933|
|- Reichstag fire||27 February 1933|
|- Enabling Act||23 March 1933|
|- 1925||468,787 km2 (181,000 sq mi)|
|- 1925 est.||62,411,000|
|Density||133.1 /km2 (344.8 /sq mi)|
Origin[change | change source]
After the German Empire was defeated in World War I, Germany became a republic, but it was still called "Deutsches Reich" (German Empire). Today it is called the Weimar Republic and this period is called the Weimar period, because the constitution was made in the city of Weimar.
Beginning[change | change source]
On November 9, 1918, the Republic was proclaimed by Philipp Scheidemann at the Reichstag building in Berlin and two hours later a socialist republic was proclaimed around the corner at the Berlin Castle by Karl Liebknecht.
Problems[change | change source]
The Weimar Republic had a lot of problems. The Treaty of Versailles made things very difficult for the economy. Inflation got completely out of hand. There were political problems because governments ruled only for a very short time, not long enough to be able to make important decisions. There were a lot of radical right and left extremists, for example monarchists (people who wanted back the monarchy) and communists, who believed that all things, especially property, land and money, should be shared. Political parties had their own militias to fight each other.
One of the paramilitary organizations that arose after World War I was the German: Stahlhelm, Bund der Frontsoldaten meaning "Steel Helmet, League of Front Soldiers". They operated as the armed branch of the national conservative German National People's Party (DNVP). they were placed at party gatherings in the position of armed security guards (Saalschutz). In 1935 they became part of the Nazi Party.
Positives[change | change source]
End[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "Das Deutsche Reich im Überblick". Wahlen in der Weimarer Republik. http://www.gonschior.de/weimar/Deutschland/index.htm. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "The Steel Helmet/Association of Frontline Soldiers (Germany)". CRW Flags. http://www.crwflags.com/FotW/flags/de%7Dstahl.html. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
Other websites[change | change source]
- The Constitution of the German Reich (Weimar constitution) of 11th August 1919, in full text
- Data Bank
- Documents in German
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