Jorge Rafael Videla

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Jorge Rafael Videla
Tte.Gral. (R) J. Videla.jpg
President of Argentina
De facto
In office
29 March 1976 – 29 March 1981
Preceded byIsabel Perón
Succeeded byRoberto Viola
Personal details
Jorge Rafael Videla

(1925-08-02)2 August 1925
Mercedes, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died17 May 2013(2013-05-17) (aged 87)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Alicia Raquel Hartridge (m. 1948–2013)
Alma materColegio Militar de la Nación
Military service
Branch/serviceArgentine Army
Years of service1944–1981
RankLieutenant General
CommandsArgentine Army

Jorge Rafael Videla (2 August 1925 – 17 May 2013) was a senior commander in the Argentine Army who was the de facto President of Argentina from 1976 to 1981.

Early life[change | change source]

Videla was born on 2 August 1925 in Mercedes, Buenos Aires, Argentina. He studied at the National Military College (Colegio Militar de la Nación). Videla married Alicia Raquel Hartridge in 1948.

Presidency[change | change source]

Videla came to power in a coup d'état that deposed Isabel Martínez de Perón. After the return of a representative democratic government in 1983, he was prosecuted for large-scale human rights abuses and crimes against humanity that took place under his rule. These included:

  • Kidnappings
  • "Disappearances" (where people would disappear and never come back; these people were murdered and their bodies were never found)
  • Torturing and murdering many people without a trial at secret concentration camps. These people included activists; people who Videla thought might take power from him; and their families
  • Stealing many babies who were born while their mothers were imprisoned in concentration camps

Personal life[change | change source]

Videla remained married to his wife Alicia until his death in 2013. They had seven children.

Arrest[change | change source]

He was under house arrest until 10 October 2008, when he was sent to a military prison. On 22 December 2010, Videla was sentenced to life in a non-military prison for the deaths of 31 prisoners after his coup d'état. On 5 July 2012, Videla was sentenced to 50 years in prison for the systematic kidnapping of children during his tenure.

Death[change | change source]

Videla died in his sleep on 17 May 2013, at the Marcos Paz Prison in Buenos Aires. He died from complications after falling in the shower. He was 87.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Argentina ex-military leader Jorge Rafael Videla dies". BBC News. 17 May 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2013.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Jorge Rafael Videla at Wikimedia Commons