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Jorge Rafael Videla

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Jorge Rafael Videla
President of Argentina
De facto
In office
29 March 1976 – 29 March 1981
Preceded byIsabel Perón
Succeeded byRoberto Viola
Personal details
Jorge Rafael Videla

(1925-08-02)2 August 1925
Mercedes, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died17 May 2013(2013-05-17) (aged 87)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Alicia Raquel Hartridge (m. 1948–2013)
Alma materColegio Militar de la Nación
Military service
Branch/serviceArgentine Army
Years of service1944–1981
RankLieutenant General
CommandsArgentine Army

Jorge Rafael Videla (2 August 1925 – 17 May 2013) was a senior commander in the Argentine Army who was the de facto President of Argentina from 1976 to 1981.

Early life[change | change source]

Videla was born on 2 August 1925 in Mercedes, Buenos Aires, Argentina. He studied at the National Military College (Colegio Militar de la Nación). Videla married Alicia Raquel Hartridge in 1948.

Presidency[change | change source]

Videla came to power in a coup d'état that deposed Isabel Martínez de Perón. After the return of a representative democratic government in 1983, he was prosecuted for large-scale human rights abuses and crimes against humanity that took place under his rule. These included:

  • Kidnappings
  • "Disappearances" (where people would disappear and never come back; these people were murdered and their bodies were never found)
  • Torturing and murdering many people without a trial at secret concentration camps. These people included activists; people who Videla thought might take power from him; and their families
  • Stealing many babies who were born while their mothers were imprisoned in concentration camps

Personal life[change | change source]

Videla remained married to his wife Alicia until his death in 2013. They had seven children.

Arrest[change | change source]

He was under house arrest until 10 October 2008, when he was sent to a military prison. On 22 December 2010, Videla was sentenced to life in a non-military prison for the deaths of 31 prisoners after his coup d'état. On 5 July 2012, Videla was sentenced to 50 years in prison for the systematic kidnapping of children during his tenure.

Death[change | change source]

Videla died in his sleep on 17 May 2013, at the Marcos Paz Prison in Buenos Aires. He died from complications after falling in the shower. He was 87.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Argentina ex-military leader Jorge Rafael Videla dies". BBC News. 17 May 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2013.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Jorge Rafael Videla at Wikimedia Commons