Buenos Aires

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Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
Autonomous City
Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires
From top (left to right): skyline of the city at dusk, the National Congress, the Woman's Bridge in Puerto Madero, Tango dancers in San Telmo, the Pink House, the Metropolitan Cathedral, Cabildo, the Obelisk, Colón Theatre, La Recoleta Cemetery, the Planetarium in the Palermo Woods, and Caminito in La Boca.

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s):
The Queen of El Plata, The South American Paris, The Capital of Tango, The city of books, The Paris of the Pampas,[1] The Cultural Capital of Latin America[2]
Buenos Aires is located in Argentina
Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
Location in Argentina
Coordinates: 34°36′12″S 58°22′54″W / 34.60333°S 58.38167°W / -34.60333; -58.38167Coordinates: 34°36′12″S 58°22′54″W / 34.60333°S 58.38167°W / -34.60333; -58.38167
Country Argentina
Established 1536, 1580
Government
 • Type Autonomous city
 • Chief of Government Mauricio Macri
 • Senators María Eugenia Estenssoro, Samuel Cabanchik, Daniel Filmus
Area
 • Autonomous City 203 km2 (78.5 sq mi)
 • Land 203 km2 (78.5 sq mi)
 • Metro 4,758 km2 (1,837 sq mi)
Elevation 25 m (82 ft)
Population (2010 census.)[3]
 • Autonomous City 2,890,151
 • Rank 4th
 • Density 14,240/km2 (36,817/sq mi)
 • Metro 12,801,364
Demonym porteño (m), porteña (f)
Time zone ART (UTC−3)
Area code(s) 011
HDI (2010) 0.953 – Very High[4][not in the source given]
Catalinas Norte Towers

Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city in the South American country of Argentina.

Buenos Aires city is also known as Capital Federal to differentiate the city from the Buenos Aires Province.

Until 1994 Buenos Aires city was under the presidential government, but after a constitutional reform in that year, the city became self-governed, allowing citizens to elect their city authorities.

Population[change | edit source]

Buenos Aires has a population of 2,776,234 inhabitants. Spanish is the main language, but English is widely well spoken. Italian is also widespread.

Weather[change | edit source]

Buenos Aires has a mild weather. The average temperature is 17 °C. During the 20th century the temperature has gone up because of the urbanization. Rainfall is 1222.6 mm. per year. Summers are warm and humid. Winters are mild or cold, the highest medium temperature is 13.7ºC during this season. Temperature rarely reaches 0 °C or below. Fog is frequent.

Neighborhoods[change | edit source]

Buenos Aires is divided into 48 neighborhoods. Most populated areas are:

  • Palermo: Located in the northeast of the city, it also is the largest neighborhood in Buenos Aires. Some parts of Palermo are highly touristic: Bosques de Palermo (Palermo Woods), Palermo Soho, Palermo Hollywood
  • Caballito: This mostly residential neighborhood is located in the geographical centre of the city.
  • Recoleta: Recoleta is one of the most wealthy neighborhoods in Buenos Aires. Recoleta Cemetery is located there.

Tourism[change | edit source]

Buenos Aires is the most visited city in South América[5]. Most touristic areas are the historical center, Palermo, Recoleta and San Telmo.

  • Historical Center / Plaza de Mayo: It is the historical place of the foundation of the city. On Plaza de Mayo are found many interesting buildings: Cabildo (where the colonial government was), Cathedral, Casa Rosada (current Government Palace).
  • San Telmo is one of the most ancient neighborhoods in Buenos Aires. It used to be a very expensive area. But in the 18th Century, an epidemics made people move to Recoleta area, farther from the river.
  • Recoleta: In this neighborhood, there are many beautiful Palaces from the 19th Century. Tourist also visit Recoleta Cemetery where many political figures are buried. One famous person buried in Recoleta Cemetery is political woman Eva Perón.
  • Palermo: Palermo is divided in several sub-areas. Palermo Soho is full of designers and clothing shops. Palermo Hollywood is the heart of Buenos Aires gastronomical offer.

Wikimania[change | edit source]

The fifth Wikimania was hosted in this city in 2009.

References[change | edit source]

Other websites[change | edit source]

Avenida de Mayo avenue.

Online newspapers[change | edit source]

Provinces of Argentina Flag of Argentina
Buenos Aires | Buenos Aires Province | Catamarca | Chaco | Chubut | Córdoba | Corrientes | Entre Ríos | Formosa | Jujuy | La Pampa | La Rioja | Mendoza | Misiones | Neuquen | Río Negro | Salta | San Juan | San Luis | Santa Cruz | Santa Fe | Santiago del Estero | Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands | Tucumán