Río de la Plata
|Río de la Plata|
NASA photo of the Río de la Plata looking from west to east. Buenos Aires is visible on the right side near the Paraná River delta. River sediments turn the water brown to the vicinity of Montevideo, visible on the left coast.
|Name origin: Spanish, "river of silver"|
|- left||Uruguay River, San Juan River, Santa Lucía River|
|- right||Paraná River, Luján River, Salado River|
|Cities||Buenos Aires, Montevideo|
|Source||confluence of Paraná and Uruguay Rivers|
|- elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|- location||Argentine Sea, Argentina & Uruguay|
|- elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|Length||290 km (180 mi)  4,876 km including the Paraná|
|Width||220 km (137 mi) |
|Basin||4,144,000 km² (1,600,000 sq mi) |
|- average||22,000 m³/s (777,000 cu ft/s) |
Map of the La Plata Basin, showing the Río de la Plata at the mouths of the Paraná and Uruguay rivers, near Buenos Aires.
The Río de la Plata – called River Plate in British English – is a river in Argentina. It is an estuary made from the Uruguay River and the Paraná River. These rivers are on the border between Argentina and Uruguay. It is about 290 kilometres (180 mi) long.
The Río de la Plata widens from about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) at the inner part to about 220 kilometres (140 mi) at its mouth. Buenos Aires is on its western shore. Montevideo is on its northern shores.
Battle of the River Plate (1939)[change | change source]
The first naval battle of the Second World War was fought near the River Plate. The German "pocket battleship" Admiral Graf Spee was engaged by the Royal Navy cruisers, HMS Exeter, Ajax and Achilles off the estuary of the River Plate in December 1939.
The German ship retired up the estuary with a crippled fuel system and put into port at Montevideo. A few days later, rather than fight outgunned, she was scuttled in the estuary. This engagement was part of the early Battle of the Atlantic skirmishes (September 1939 – May 1940).
References[change | change source]
- Río Paraná Guazú at GEOnet Names Server (main distributary of the Río Paraná)
- "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition". International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. http://www.iho-ohi.net/iho_pubs/standard/S-23/S23_1953.pdf. Retrieved 7 February 2010.
- "Río de la Plata". Encyclopædia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/463804/Rio-de-la-Plata. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- Fossati, Monica; Ismael Piedra-Cueva. "Salinity Simulations of the Rio de la Plata". International Conference on Estuaries and Coasts. http://www.irtces.org/pdf-hekou/075.pdf. Retrieved 11 August 2010.