Río de la Plata
|Río de la Plata|
River Plate, La Plata River, Platine River
|Etymology||Spanish for "river of silver"|
|Countries||Argentina and Uruguay|
|Source||Confluence of Paraná and Uruguay Rivers|
|- coordinates||34°0′5″S 58°23′37″W / 34.00139°S 58.39361°W|
|- location||Argentine Sea, Argentina|
|- coordinates||35°40′S 55°47′W / 35.667°S 55.783°WCoordinates: 35°40′S 55°47′W / 35.667°S 55.783°W|
|Length||290 km (180 mi) 4,876 km (3,030 mi) including the Paraná|
|Basin size||3,170,000 km2 (1,220,000 sq mi) 3,182,064 km2 (1,228,602 sq mi)|
|- location||Rio de La Plata, Atlantic Ocean|
|- average||(Period 1971-2010)
27,225 m3/s (961,400 cu ft/s) 22,000 m3/s (780,000 cu ft/s)884 km3/a (28,000 m3/s)
|- minimum||12,000 m3/s (420,000 cu ft/s)|
|- maximum||50,000 m3/s (1,800,000 cu ft/s)|
|- left||Uruguay River, San Juan River, Santa Lucía River|
|- right||Paraná River, Luján River, Salado River|
The Río de la Plata (called River Plate in British English) is a river in Argentina. It is an estuary made from the Uruguay River and the Paraná River. These rivers are on the border between Argentina and Uruguay. It is about 290 kilometres (180 miles) long.
The Río de la Plata widens from about 2 kilometres (1.2 miles) at the inner part to about 220 km (140 mi) at its mouth. Buenos Aires is on its western shore. Montevideo is on its northern shores.
The Río de la Plata is home for the loggerhead sea turtle, green sea turtle, leatherback sea turtle, the rare La Plata dolphin, and many species of fish.
Battle of the River Plate (1939)[change | change source]
The first naval battle of the Second World War was fought near the River Plata. The Kriegsmarine "pocket battleship" Admiral Graf Spee was engaged by the Royal Navy cruisers, HMS Exeter, Ajax and Achilles off the estuary of the River Plate in December 1939.
The German ship retired up the estuary with a crippled fuel system and put into port at Montevideo. A few days later, rather than fight outgunned against the British, she was scuttled in the estuary. This engagement was part of the early Battle of the Atlantic skirmishes.
References[change | change source]
- ↑ Río Paraná Guazú at GEOnet Names Server (main distributary of the Río Paraná)
- ↑ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 "Río de la Plata". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 9 May 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 "Balance hídrico en la Cuenca del Plata". Archived from the original on 2021-10-19. Retrieved 2022-11-01.
- ↑ "Transboundary River Basin Overview – La Plata" (PDF).
- ↑ Raúl A. Guerrero; et al. (June 1997). "Physical oceanography of the Río de la Plata Estuary, Argentina". Continental Shelf Research. 17 (7): 727–742. Bibcode:1997CSR....17..727G. doi:10.1016/S0278-4343(96)00061-1.
- ↑ Fossati, Monica; Ismael Piedra-Cueva. "Salinity Simulations of the Rio de la Plata" (PDF). International Conference on Estuaries and Coasts. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2010.