||This article needs more sources for reliability. (November 2011)|
|Region||Spain and Latin America (see below)|
|Native speakers||420 million (2010)
+80 million as a second language
|Writing system||Latin (Spanish alphabet)
|Official language in||
|Regulated by||Association of Spanish Language Academies
(Real Academia Española and 21 other national Spanish language academies)
Countries where Spanish has official status.
Countries and U.S. states where Spanish has no official status but is spoken by 25% or more of the population. Countries and U.S. states where Spanish has no official status but is spoken by 10–20% of the population.Countries and U.S. states where Spanish has no official status but is spoken by 5–9.9% of the population.
The Spanish language (Spanish: español, pronounced "Eh-span-yole", IPA: /espaɲol/) is one of the Romance languages that came from the Latin language. It is the most spoken Romance language in the world.
Usage[change | change source]
The Spanish language is used by many people in the world today. This is partly because the people of Spain traveled and colonized many different parts of the world. They created many new countries, and also new governments, in some old countries. The countries that have Spanish as an official language are called the Hispanic countries. Most of them are in the Americas, which make up Latin America. They include the following:
- Costa Rica
- The Dominican Republic
- Puerto Rico
- El Salvador
In South America:
Many Brazilians learn Spanish as a second language, even though the language used there is Portuguese[source?].
In other parts of the world:
The Spanish language has originally been the language of Castile. When the Western Roman Empire collapsed, the Latin language began to develop in different ways in different provinces. The Latin spoken in Iberian peninsula developed first into Ibero-Romance language in the 6th century. Castilian and Portuguese became separate languages in the 12th century.
In Spain, there are other languages that also came from Latin that are connected to Spanish, like Basque (euskera) Catalan and Galician. Catalan language is not a dialect of Spanish, but more closely related to French language.
Portuguese, which is spoken in Portugal and Brazil, has a very close relation with Spanish. Basque is also spoken, but it is not related to Spanish. Therefore, the Spanish language is sometimes called Castilian, named after Castile, a region in Spain where the language came from. Many people defend that the most correct name for the language is Castilian because before the existence of Spain as a country the language already existed, while others say it is better to call it Spanish bacause they say that Castilian is the accent of Spaniards (though Spain is a small country and it has very varied accents).
The Spanish word for Spanish is "español", and the Spanish word for Castilian is "castellano".
In the other Romance languages spoken on the Iberian Peninsula, such as Galician, Catalan, Asturian, and others, the designation is "Castellán", "Castellà", etc., and the word "Spanish" is rarely used to refer the language. In Spain, the name of the subject in schools is "Lengua Castellana" (Castilian Language). In monolingual zones of Spain people can say "Spanish" to refer to their language.
In Portuguese it's common to use the word "castelhano" when talking about this language too.
Statistics[change | change source]
Spanish is spoken by 358 million people in the world as their first language, while English is only 350 million. This is because of the huge increase of population in Latin-American Spanish-speaking countries.
References[change | change source]
- Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2010" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2010: www.ne.se (The World's 12 Largest Languages in 2010 as a native language)
- Spanish language at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
- Encarta encyclopedia (Chinese 800 million, Spanish 358 million, English 350 million).
Other websites[change | change source]
|This language has its own Wikipedia project. See the Spanish language edition.|
- Ethnologue report for Spanish
- Spanish evolution from Latin
- (Spanish) Dictionary of the RAE Real Academia Española's official Spanish language dictionary
- Spanish phrasebook on Wikivoyage
- Spanish verb conjugations
- Random Spanish Audio Examples
- The Project Gutenberg EBook of A First Spanish Reader by Erwin W. Roessler and Alfred Remy.