New Mexico

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New Mexico
Flag of New Mexico State seal of New Mexico
Flag of New Mexico Seal
Nickname(s): Land of Enchantment / Tierra del Encanto
Motto(s): Crescit undo
Map of the United States with New Mexico highlighted
Capital Santa Fe
Largest city Albuquerque
Area Ranked 5th
 - Total 121,665 sq mi
(315,194 km2)
 - Width 342 miles (550 km)
 - Length 370 miles (595 km)
 - % water 0.2
 - Latitude 31°20'N to 37°North
 - Longitude 103°W to 109°W
Number of people Ranked 36th
 - Total 1,928,384
 - Density 14.98/sq mi  (5.79/km2)
Ranked 45th
Height above sea level
 - Highest point Wheeler Peak[1]
13,161 ft (4,014 m)
 - Average 5,692 ft  (1,735 m)
 - Lowest point Red Bluff Reservoir[1]
2,842 ft (866 m)
Became part of the U.S. January 6, 1912 (47th)
Governor Susana Martinez (R)
U.S. Senators Martin Heinrich (D)
Tom Udall (D)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Abbreviations NM, US-NM
Website www.newmexico.gov

New Mexico is a state in the United States of America. It is considered part of the American Southwest and is bordered by Texas to the east, Oklahoma to the northeast, Colorado to the north, and Arizona to the west. The northwest corner of the state also touches Utah. This area is known as the Four Corners because four states meet there. The state is called Land of Enchantment / Tierra del Encanto

New Mexico became a state on January 6, 1912 and became the 47th state accepted into the United States. The state capital is Santa Fe. New Mexico's population is 1,819,045 and most of the people live in the biggest city, Albuquerque. New Mexico is home to one of the longest trams in the world, the Sandia Peak Tramway, in Albuquerque and one of worlds longest zip lines, the Apache Eagle ZipRider, in Ruidoso.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate for most of the state is generally semi-arid. In the summer it can be very hot in southern New Mexico. The temperature is sometimes over 100°F (37.8°C) with lows over 70°F (21.1°C). In northern New Mexico, summer temperatures are usually in the upper 70's to low 90's at daytime. They are mid 40's to upper 50's at night. It occasionally snows in the northern part of the state in the winter. It is drier in the southern portion of the state, and it rarely snows. New Mexico is usually affected by the North American monsoon from mid June to late September.

History[change | change source]

New Mexico is the long-time home of the Pueblo people, a group of Native Americans. It was taken over by Spain, which founded Santa Fe in 1608. In the late 1600s, the Pueblo people revolted against the Spanish. The Spanish returned twelve years later. When Mexico became independent, New Mexico was part of it. Like most of what was then Northern Mexico, the area did not have a large amount of people living in it.

In 1846, the United States and Mexico went to war over a border dispute in Texas (a former state of Mexico that, after being its own country for a time joined the US), and the United States won the war. The peace treaty the two countries signed gave what is now the American Southwest to the United States. The Mexican citizens living there were allowed to stay if they agreed to become US Citizens; over 90% did.

After some time as a territory, the area became a state in 1912.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 2006-11-6.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Other websites[change | change source]