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State of Louisiana
État de Louisiane
Flag of State of Louisiana State seal of State of Louisiana
Flag of Louisiana Seal of Louisiana
Nickname(s): Pelican State (official)[1]
Bayou State, Sugar State
Motto(s): Union, justice, and confidence[1]
Map of the United States with State of Louisiana highlighted
Official language de jure: none
de facto: English & French
Spoken languages English 91.2%, French 4.8%
Capital Baton Rouge[1]
Largest city New Orleans
Area Ranked 31st
 - Total 51,885 sq mi
(134,382 km2)
 - Width 130 miles (210 km)
 - Length 379 miles (610 km)
 - % water 16
 - Latitude 29°N to 33°N
 - Longitude 89°W to 94°W
Number of people Ranked 25nd
 - Total 4,533,372[2]
 - Density 104.9/sq mi  (33.7/km2)
Ranked 26th
Height above sea level
 - Highest point Driskill Mountain[3]
535 ft (163 m)
 - Average 98 ft  (30 m)
 - Lowest point New Orleans[3]
-8 ft (-2 m)
Became part of the U.S. April 30, 1812[1] (18th)
Governor John Bel Edwards (D)
U.S. Senators Bill Cassidy (R)[4]
David Vitter (R)[4]
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Abbreviations LA, US-LA
Website www.louisiana.gov

Louisiana (pronounced /lōō-ē'zē-ăn'ə/)[5] is a state in the Southern United States of America. It had a population of about 4,533,372 people in 2010. The state has a total area of about 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km2). Louisiana is the 25th largest state by population and the 31th largest state by area. Louisiana is also known by its nickname, The Pelican State. The land that would become Louisiana was bought in the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Louisiana became a state on April 30, 1812. It was the 18th state to become part of the United States. The people who live in the state are known as Louisianans.[6] The state's capital is Baton Rouge, and its largest city is New Orleans.

Louisiana has coastal plains, marshs, and low ridges. All of the state is in the Sun Belt. Louisiana is in a sub tropical region, and has a diverse ecosystem. The climate of Louisiana Louisiana has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). It has long, hot, humid summers and short, mild winters.

One third of the adults in Louisiana are obese. This is the highest rate in the United States.[7]

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