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State of Idaho
Flag of Idaho State seal of Idaho
Flag of Idaho Seal
Nickname(s): Gem State
Map of the United States with Idaho highlighted
Official language English
Capital Boise
Largest city Boise
Area Ranked 14th
 • Total 83,642 sq mi
(216,632 km2)
 • Width 305 miles (491 km)
 • Length 479 miles (771 km)
 • % water 0.98
 • Latitude 42° N to 49° N
 • Longitude 111° W to 117° W
Population Ranked 40th
 • Total 1,567,582[1]
 • Density 19.0/sq mi  (7.2/km2)
Ranked 46th
 • Highest point Borah Peak[2]
12,662 ft (3,862 m)
 • Mean 5,000 ft  (1,524 m)
 • Lowest point Snake River[2]
710 ft (217 m)
Admission to Union July 3, 1890 (43rd)
Governor Butch Otter (R)
Lieutenant Governor {{{Lieutenant Governor}}}
Legislature {{{Legislature}}}
 • Upper house {{{Upperhouse}}}
 • Lower house {{{Lowerhouse}}}
U.S. Senators James Risch (R)
Mike Crapo (R)
U.S. House delegation List
Time zones  
 • north of Salmon River Pacific: UTC−8/−7
 • remainder Mountain: UTC 7/ 6
ISO 3166 US-ID
Abbreviations ID

Idaho is a state in the United States. Its capital and biggest city is Boise.

Idaho became a state in 1890. Its current Governor is Butch Otter. It is the 11th largest state in land area, and the 14th largest in total area (land and water). The population of Idaho is estimated at 1,523,816 by the United States Census Bureau in 2008.

Idaho is bordered by Washington and Oregon on the west, Montana and Wyoming on the east, Utah and Nevada on the south and the country of Canada (British Columbia) on the north side. The climate in Idaho can sometimes be hot, reaching up to 100 °F. Humidity is normally low with cooler evenings in summer months. In winter, temperatures normally drop to lower twenty's, upper teens. Sometimes, the temperature drops to several degrees below zero.

Idaho's state motto is Esto perpetua. This is Latin for "Let it be forever".

Important cities and towns[change | change source]

Population > 100,000 (city area)

Population > 50,000 (city area)

Population > 30,000 (city area)

Population > 10,000 (city area)

Smaller Towns and Cities

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Resident Population Data - 2010 Census". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved February 20, 2011. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 2006-11-6. Check date values in: |accessdate=, |year= (help)