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State of Idaho
Flag of Idaho State seal of Idaho
Flag Seal
Gem State
Motto(s): Esto perpetua (Latin for Let it be perpetual)
State song(s): "Here We Have Idaho"
Map of the United States with Idaho highlighted
Official languageEnglish[1]
(and largest city)
Largest metroBoise metropolitan area
AreaRanked 14th
 • Total83,797 sq mi
(216,900 km2)
 • Width305 miles (491 km)
 • Length479 miles (771 km)
 • % water0.98
 • Latitude42° N to 49° N
 • Longitude111°03′ W to 117°15′ W
PopulationRanked 39th
 • Total1,716,943 (2017 est.)[2]
 • Density20.1/sq mi  (7.76/km2)
Ranked 44th
 • Median household income$51,624[3] (36th)
 • Highest pointBorah Peak[4][5][6]
12,662 ft (3,859 m)
 • Mean5,000 ft  (1,520 m)
 • Lowest pointConfluence of Snake and Clearwater River; Lewiston[5][6]
713 ft (217 m)
Before statehoodOregon Territory, Washington Territory, Idaho Territory
Admission to UnionJuly 3, 1890 (43rd)
GovernorBrad Little (R)
Lieutenant GovernorJanice McGeachin (R)
LegislatureIdaho Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsMike Crapo (R)
Jim Risch (R)
U.S. House delegation1. Russ Fulcher (R)
2. Mike Simpson (R) (list)
Time zones 
 • Idaho PanhandlePacific: UTC −8/−7
 • primaryMountain: UTC −7/−6
Idaho state symbols
Flag of Idaho.svg
Seal of Idaho.svg
Living insignia
AmphibianTiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum)
FishCutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii)
FlowerSyringa (Philadelphus lewisii)
Horse breedAppaloosa
InsectMonarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)
TreeWestern white pine (Pinus monticola)
Inanimate insignia
DanceSquare dance
FossilHagerman horse (Equus simplicidens)
GemstoneStar garnet
SloganGreat Potatoes. Tasty Destinations.
State route marker
Idaho state route marker
State quarter
Idaho quarter dollar coin
Released in 2007
Lists of United States state symbols

Idaho is a state in the United States. Its capital and biggest city is Boise.

Idaho became a state in 1890. Its current Governor is Brad Little. It is the 11th largest state in land area, and the 14th largest in total area (land and water). The population of Idaho is estimated at 1,523,816 by the United States Census Bureau in 2008.

Idaho is bordered by Washington and Oregon on the west, Montana and Wyoming on the east, Utah and Nevada on the south and the country of Canada (British Columbia) on the north side. The climate in Idaho can sometimes be hot, reaching up to 100 °F. Humidity is normally low with cooler evenings in summer months. In winter, temperatures normally drop to lower twenty's, upper teens. Sometimes, the temperature drops to several degrees below zero.

Idaho's state motto is Esto perpetua. This is Latin for "Let it be forever".

Important cities and towns[change | change source]

Population > 100,000 (city area)

Population > 50,000 (city area)

Population > 30,000 (city area)

Population > 10,000 (city area)

Smaller Towns and Cities

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Idaho Statutes (73-121)". State of Idaho. 2017. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  2. "Idaho is Nation's Fastest-Growing State, Census Bureau Reports". U.S. Census Bureau. December 20, 2017. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  3. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  4. "Beauty Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.